论懒散 On Idleness

2021年1月27日
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论懒散 On Idleness

Many moralists have remarked, that Pride has of all human vices the widest dominion, appears in the greatest multiplicity of forms, and lies hid under the greatest variety of disguises; of disguises, which, like the moon's veil of brightness, are both its lustre and its shade, and betray it to others, though they hide it from ourselves.

很多道德学者都指出,骄傲是在人类所有恶习中影响力最为广泛的。它的表现形式繁杂多样,隐藏方式也多种多样。就如同天边月儿晶莹透明的面纱,伪装既有光彩之处又有隐晦之所。虽然遮盖但亦可一眼望穿。

It is not my intention to degrade Pride from this pre-eminence of mischief, yet I know not whether Idleness may not maintain a very doubtful and obstinate competition.

诚然,我无意降低骄傲的危害程度,但不知道懒散是否会成为它的强敌。

There are some that profess Idleness in its full dignity, who call themselves the Idle, as Busiris in the play calls himself the Proud; who boast that they do nothing, and thank their stars that they have nothing to do; who sleep every night till they can sleep no longer, and rise only that exercise may enable them to sleep again; who prolong the reign of darkness by double curtains, and never see the sun but to tell him how they hate his beams; whose whole labour is to vary the postures of indulgence, and whose day differs from their night but as a couch or chair differs from a bed.

然而有些人高声赞叹懒散是高雅之事,以“闲散之士”自居,正如布西里斯在剧中自称为“骄傲之士”一样。他们炫耀自己无须做事,感谢命运之神没有给他们安排事情。他们每晚睡觉睡到自然醒,起床活动活动也只是为了以后更好地入睡。为了延长黑夜的主宰,他们拉起厚厚的双层窗帘,终日不见阳光,除了“告诉他,他们十分憎恶他的光芒”。不断地变换享受的姿势就是他们所有的劳动。对他们而言,昼夜的分别就在于长沙发、椅子与床的不同。

These are the true and open votaries of Idleness, for whom she weaves the garlands of poppies, and into whose cup she pours the waters of oblivion; who exist in a state of unruffled stupidity, forgetting and forgotten; who have long ceased to live, and at whose death the survivors can only say, that they have ceased to breathe.

他们是一群真正的并且公开的懒散女神崇拜者。女神为他们编织罂粟花环,把遗忘水倒进他们杯子里。他们生活在平静的愚蠢状态中,忘记了别人,别人也忘记了他们。他们的生活早就停止了,等到他们死了,生者只能说,他们停止了呼吸。

But Idleness predominates in many lives where it is not suspected; for being a vice which terminates in itself, it may be enjoyed without injury to others; and is therefore not watched like Fraud, which endangers property, or like Pride, which naturally seeks its gratifications in another's inferiority. Idleness is a silent and peaceful quality,that neither raises envy by ostentation, nor hatred by opposition; and therefore no body is busy to censure or detect it.

但是懒散在不经意间控制着大多数人的生活。因为这种恶习仅限于懒散者自身,不会危及他人。所以人们不会将它等同于欺诈和骄傲;欺诈危及财产安全,骄傲自然也会伤害他人的自尊。懒散具有一种平和静默的本质,不会因为炫耀而招来嫉妒,也不会因抗衡而遭受怨恨。

As Pride sometimes is hid under humility, Idleness is often covered by turbulence and hurry. He that neglects his known duty and real employment, naturally endeavours to crowd his mind with something that may bar out the remembrance of his own folly, and does any thing but what he ought to do with eager diligence, that he may keep himself in his own favour.

所以没有人忙于理会或刺探它。正如骄傲有时藏在谦恭之下一样,懒散通常为紊乱和匆忙所遮掩。一个人疏忽了自己明明知道的职责和真正的工作,自然会尽力去想一些让自己忘却自己愚蠢的事,然后努力地去做一些不是他职责范围内的事,只有这样才能保持自我欣赏。

Some are always in a state of preparation, occupied in previous measures, forming plans, accumulating materials, and providing for the main affair. These are certainly under the secret power of Idleness. Nothing is to be expected from the workman whose tools are for ever to be sought. I was once told by a great master, that no man ever excelled in painting, who was eminently curious about pencils and colours.

有些人总是时刻准备着,忙于事前的准备,例如拟订计划,收集材料,为大事做准备等。这些人肯定受到了懒散女神神秘力量的控制。只是,一味地忙于找工具的工匠是无法做出什么成就的。一位绘画大师曾告诫过我,只是对铅笔和颜料充满好奇的人,是不能将画画好的。

There are others to whom Idleness dictates another expedient, by which life may be passed unprofitably away without the tediousness of many vacant hours. The art is, to fill the day with petty business, to have always something in hand which may raise curiosity, but not solicitude, and keep the mind in a state of action, but not of labour.

另外有些人将懒散看成一种权宜之计,他们认为懒散可能使人一生碌碌无为,但它可以使生活不是那么百无聊赖,没有空闲时间的沉闷。懒散的艺术就在于用琐事充斥每一天,手头总有一些让人好奇但又不劳神的活儿可做,大脑保持一种活动但不是劳动的状态。

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