关系代词和普通代词的区别:
I have a sister. She works in Shanghai.
我有个妹妹。她在上海工作。
The building which/that stands by the river is our school. 矗立在河边的这座建筑是我们的学校。
普通代词只起代替作用(如上列She) 关系代词(如上列which/that):①除了代替先行词外,②它还在 宾语从句中担任一定的成分,③同时它也起连词的作用——把先行词与
它所引导的定语从句联系在一起(把主句和从句连接起来)。说明如下:
The building is our school. + The building stands by the r(iv这er座. 建筑是我们学校) (这座建筑矗立在河边) =The building which/that stands by the river is our school. 先行词 关系代词(=连词+代词) 从句
(which 或 that 是个关系代词,它在从句中代替先行词 the building,同时担任从句中的主语,也起连词的作用,把两个简单句连 接起来。)

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