图片[1]-关系代词 that 的用法有哪些?-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

关系代词 that 的用法

1.首先要特别注意 that 只能用在限定性定语从句中,在非限 定性定语从句中永远不能选用 that,另外介词后面不能跟 that, 而跟 which。
Crusoe’s dog, which was very old now, became ill and died. ⋯(○)
(非限定性定语从句,只可用which) Crusoe’s dog, that was now very old, became ill and died. ⋯(×)
(非限定性定语从句不能用that)。 克鲁索的狗,现在已很老了,病死了。
2.在限定性定语从句中 which 和 that 在代替物时,一般可 以通用。
The money that (which) is in the wallet is mine.
放在这个钱包里的钱是我的。
The money that (which)(省略)my mother gave me yesterday has
been stolen. 昨天我妈妈给我的钱已经被偷走了。
3.有些情况下,只宜用 that,而不宜用 which
a.先行词是最高级形容词或者它的前面有最高级形容词时。 This is the best that has been used against pollution. 这是用来防止污染的最好的办法。
English is the most difficult subject that you will learn during these years. 英语是这几年当中你所学科目中最难的一科。
b.先行词是序数词,或它前面有一个序数词时。 He is the last person (that) I want to see. 他是我最不想见的人。
It is the first American m ovie of this kind that I’ve ever seen.
这是我看到的第一部这类美国影片。
c.主句已有疑问词 who 或 which 时。
Which is the bike that you lost?
他丢失的是哪辆自行车?
Who is the woman that was praised at the meeting? 在大会上被表扬的那位妇女是谁? d.先行词既有人又有物,宜用 that。 Do you know the things and persons that they are talking about? 你知道他们正在谈论的人和事情吗?
The bike and its rider that had run over and old man were taken to the police station. 撞倒了一位老人的那辆自行车和人都被送到了派出所。
e.先行词是 all, much, little, something, everything, anything, nothing, none, the one 等代词时。 You should hand in all that you have. 你们应该把你们所有的一切都交上来。
We haven’t got much that we can offer you. 我们没有许多能向你(你们)提供的东西。
I mean the one that you talked about just now. 我指的是你刚刚谈到的那个。
f.先行词前面 only, any, few, little, no, all, one of, the same, the very 等词修饰时。 The only thing that we can do is to give you some money. 我们唯一能够做的就是给你一些钱。
Li Ming is the only one that got full marks in our class. 李明是我们班唯一一个得满分的学生。
Li Ming is the only one that wants to be a teacher. 李明是唯一一个想当老师的人。
Li Ming is one of the students that want to be teachers in our class. 李明是我们班想当老师的学生之一。
g.有两个宾语从句,其中一个关系代词已用which,另外一个宜用 that.
Edison built up a factory which produced things that had never been seen before. 爱迪生办了一个工厂,生产过去从未见到过的东西。
注意
that 前不加介词

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