图片[1]-关系代词 which 的用法-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

关系代词 which 的用法

1.在非限定定语从句中,只宜用 which,不能用 that。
Beijing, which is the capital of China, is a very beautiful
city. 北京是中国的首都,它是一座美丽的城市。
Li Ming is late for school every day, which makes his teacher very angry. 李明每天都迟到,这使得他的老师非常生气。
2.在限定性定语从句中 which 和 that 在代物时常常可以通 用,但有时只宜于用 which,不用 that。
a.关系代词前有介词时 This is the hotel in which you will stay. =That’s the hotel (which/that/可省略) you will stay. 这就是你将要在那里住的旅馆。
★在这句话中,如果介词 in 放在句子后面,那么关系代词即可用 which,也可用 that,还可以省略。 b.如有两个定语从句,其中一句的关系词是that,另一句宜用which。 Let me show you the novel that I borrowed from the library which was newly open to us. 让我给你看看我从新开放的图书馆借来的小说。
注意
that 和 which 在定语从句中作关系代词的主要区别
which: (1)可用于非限定性定语从句中,代替物或整个主句或主句中的一
部分。
(2)可用于介词之后
介词+which(代物) that: 不能用于上述二种结构之中。

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