英语小故事:史上最快的女子

2020年3月18日
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Meet Florence Griffith Joyner, the fastest woman of all time

英语小故事:史上最快的女子

florence Griffith Joyner, known as “Flo Jo” is considered to be the fastest woman of all time. She was a superb sprinter who completely dominated the women’s track season in 1988.

佛洛伦斯·格里菲思-乔伊娜常叫Flo Jo被认为是有史以来最快的女子,这位短跑健将完全统治了1988年的女子田径赛场。

Joyner, who was the seventh of 11 children, began racing when she was seven years old but had to give up sport at 19 in order to help support her family.

She was working as a bank teller by day and styled hair in the evenings when Sprint coach Bob Kersee discovered her and helped her enroll at U.C.L.A.

乔伊娜家中有10个兄弟姐妹排行老七,7岁时开始赛跑,但是19岁时为了支持家庭放弃了田径运动,她辍学去了银行当柜员补贴家用。一天晚上烫头发时短跑教练Bob Kersee找到了她,并帮她申请了大学奖学金,在教练的帮助下她重新回到赛场。

“I saw something I’ve never seen before in Indiana. I saw a sixth gear,” Coach Kersee said.

“I’ve never seen anyone with that speed and that fluidity. She’s wasting very little motion. There’s very little bounce in her stride. She and Jackie believe they can do the unbelievable.”

教练说,没去印第安纳波利斯奥运选拔赛前,我就在她身上看到了前所未有的的东西,我愿称之为第六齿轮。我从未见过有人拥有这般的速度和灵动,她没有多余的动作,步子基本没有碰撞,她和队友相信她们可以完成不可思议的事情。

Four months later at the 1984 Olympic Games, in her hometown of Los Angeles, Joyner won 200m silver at the world championships in Rome, and she just kept on improving.
Before she travelled to Indiana, her personal best was 10.96 but in 15 months she transformed from an average sprinter to a taut world-beater.

1984年奥运会在她的家乡洛杉矶举行,乔伊娜获得了女子100米银牌,四个月后在世界锦标赛上她夺得女子200米短跑银牌。去往印第安纳州参加1988奥运会选拔赛之前,她个人最好成绩是10.96,但是15个月的时间里,她从一个普通短跑运动员成为了世界记录打破者。

She married Al Joyner, the 1984 triple jump Olympic champion and changed her name to Florence Griffith Joyner and eventually picked up the nickname “Flo jo.”

She was part of track royalty family. Her husband was a gold medal winner in the triple jump during the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles. Her sister-in-law, Jackie Joyner-Kersee was also an all-time great in the heptathlon and long jump who won six Olympic medals.

At the U.S. Olympic Trials on 16th July 1988 Joyner achieved a spectacular breakthrough when she set two world records for 100m and 200 sprints; both still stand till today.

Flo Jo won gold in the 100m, the 200m and the 4x100m, and silver in the 4x400m. She ran the 100m in 10.49 and 10.54 seconds respectively, breaking the Olympic record twice.

In the 200m semi-finals she beat the world record by 0.15sec, and less than two hours later she beat it again in the final, by another 0.22sec.

The following day she won her semi-final in 10.70, and emerged victorious in the final, winning in 10.61. In 24 hours she had run the three fastest legal women’s 100m races in history, and before the trials finished she smashed the US 200m record as well.

1988年7月16日在美国印第安纳波利斯举行的奥运会选拔赛上她完成了一项壮举,创造了女子100米和200米世界记录,直到今天这两项纪录仍然稳固。她在女子100米,200米,4乘100米比赛中获得金牌,4乘400米中获得银牌,在女子100米中跑出分别10.49和10.54的成绩,两次打破奥运会纪录。在200米半决赛以0.15秒的优势打破世界纪录,不到2小时时间内又在决赛中以0.22秒的优势打破自己刚刚创造的记录。第二天在女子100米比赛中以10.70秒的成绩胜出进入半决赛,并以10.61秒的成绩进入决赛,最后跑出10.49秒夺冠。24小时内,她跑出了女子100米历史上三项最快纪录。

In an era where runners were strictly advised not to wear long hair, jewelry or grow long nails, Flo Jo did the contrary and stood out. She reportedly had four-inch decorative nails; one-legged leotards: long, flowing hair which she carried with an extraordinary flair.

Her style inspired so many people in the field. After her retirement in 1989, she was commissioned by the Indiana Pacers to design their uniforms.

The designs were named “Flo-Jo’s” and are still an icon of the 90s basketball, reminiscent of Reggie Miller’s eight points in nine seconds and the team’s battles with the Knicks.

当时那个年代明确建议选手不要留长发,佩戴饰物或者留指甲,Flo Jo与众不同,她留了4英寸长的美甲,一头以其出色的造型天赋打造的长发。在运动界她的造型影响了很多人,1989年退役后,她被任命为印第安纳州步行者队设计队服。该设计就叫Flo Jo,仍然是90年代篮球的一个标志。

She was at a point accused of using banned substances. A former teammate even claimed he sold Griffith human growth hormone (HGH).

“In 1988, at the Seoul Olympics, I saw a side-by-side video of Flo-Jo from 1984 and that present time,” he said on NPR in 2013.

乔伊娜一度被指控使用禁药,一位老队友还声称卖过人体生长激素的给她。不过资料显现1984年和1988年奥运会前后都她都接受严格药检程序,并且每项检测都通过,很多人坚信她是被冤枉而且事情最后都没有找到任何证据。

“She looked and sounded like a different person. The comparison was so shocking that the producer told me he feared it would be an ugly bombshell back in the USA, if such incriminating evidence were shown about an American heroine. So NBC shelved the tape,” Sports Illustrated Frank Deford who covered the 1988 Olympic Games told NPR in 2013.

Flo Jo was subjected to an arduous drug testing program before and after her Olympic meets in 1984 and 1988 and she passed every single test.

Alexandre de Mérode, the chairman of the IOC’s medical commission for 35 years, was resolute that Griffith was wrongfully targeted but in the end, no evidence whatsoever was found.
“We performed all possible and imaginable analyses on her. We never found anything. There should not be the slightest suspicion,” de Mérode said after the 1988 Olympics.

Her career as a top-level 100m runner was only three months and eight races long, but she still has all of the top three and five of the top 10 fastest times in history. Since then, not only does Joyner’s time still stand, nobody has even got close to it.

Joyner’s 200m record is also clearly unbeaten. The only person to have got within 0.30 of it since is Jones.

Flo Jo was regarded as one of the most incredible athletes in the world but it all came to an end too soon. She abruptly announced her retirement in February 1989, at the age of 29.

“I have decided to run on a different track and to strive for the best of which I am capable in a different field. Life has many things to offer all of us and, since the Olympics, many challenges and opportunities have been presented to me. I want to pursue them,” she said at a press conference.

According to the Guardian, in retirement, she designed clothes, wrote a couple of romance novels and a series of children’s books. She set up a cosmetics firm, recorded fitness videos, and turned her hand to acting.

她作为女子100米顶尖选手的生涯只有三个月和八场比赛,但是她仍然拥有女子100米史上最快纪录中的5项和前3项,自那以后,乔伊娜成为了历史,也没人能够接近她历史。她的女子200米记录也无人能破。乔伊娜被称为世界上最不可思议的运动员之一,但是职业生涯结束太快,1989年她突然宣布退役,当时她29岁。在媒体发布会上她说,我们决定去往另一条跑道上奔跑,去另一个我最擅长的领域奋斗,人生给我们的东西很多,奥运会后,我遇到很多机会和挑战,我想去追逐他们。退役后,她做服装设计,写了几本爱情小说和一套儿童读物,开了一家化妆品公司,做健身视频还尝试演戏。

A couple of years later she announced her intention to return to athletics. “I always had a love for distance running, and it’s been a dream of mine to compete in the Olympic marathon,” she said, setting her sights on the 1996 Atlanta Games.

“A lot of people will laugh about this, but you don’t laugh at Florence Griffith Joyner,” her husband said.

Florence Griffith Joyner could not compete in a marathon. In 1996, while on a flight from California to St Louis, she suffered a seizure. Two years later when Flo Jo was only 38 years old, she died suddenly in her sleep. She was said to have asphyxiated herself on her pillow during an epileptic seizure.

Even in death, her husband wanted to prove Joyner’s critics wrong and requested that her body be rigorously tested for signs of steroid use.

None was found. “My wife took the final, ultimate drug test,” Joyner said, “and it’s what we always said: there’s nothing there. So please, please, just let my wife rest in peace.”

退役几年后乔安娜宣布想作回运动员,她说。我一直喜欢长跑,参加奥运会马拉松一直是我的一个梦想,她希望参加了1996亚特兰大奥运会,她的丈夫说,对此很多人会嘲笑,但是你不能嘲笑乔伊娜。不过她没能参加那年的奥运会马拉松赛,1996年,在一架加州飞圣路易斯的飞机上,她突发癫痫,2年后只有38岁的乔伊娜在睡梦中突然离世,报道称,她死于癫痫发作引发的窒息。即使乔伊娜去世了,她的丈夫仍希望证明她的清白并要求对她的遗体进行类固醇检查,结果显示没有使用类固醇的表现。

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