美国短篇小说巨匠:欧·亨利 O. Henry

2019年10月1日
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One of the best-loved American writers was William Sydney Porter, or O. Henry.

美国最受欢迎的作家之一是威廉·西德尼·波特,又名欧·亨利。

From 1893 he lived with his family in a house in Austin, Texas, which is now a museum.

从1893年起,他和他的家人住在德克萨斯州奥斯汀市的一所房子里,现在这座房子是一座博物馆。

Visitors to Austin can see the house. It was saved from destruction and turned into a museum in 1934.

游客去奥斯汀可以看到这座房子。它曾经差点被毁,在1934年被建成一座博物馆。

The museum is a good way to learn about the interesting life of the American writer.

要想了解这位美国作家有趣的生活,博物馆就是一个好去处。

William Porter rented this house in Austin and lived there with his wife Athol and daughter Margaret for about two years.

威廉·波特曾经在奥斯汀租下这座房子,和他的妻子阿索尔以及女儿玛格丽特一起住了两年左右。

Many objects in the museum belonged to the Porters. Others did not. An important piece in the room is the original photograph over here. It was taken there in the house about 1895.

博物馆里的许多物品都属于波特一家,也有一些不是他们的东西。里面有一件重要的物品是一张旧照片,它是1895年左右在房子里拍的。

The piano there goes back to the 1860s. His wife took lessons on it when she first moved to Austin.

里面的一架钢琴是十九世纪六十年代的,他妻子刚搬到奥斯汀时用它上钢琴课。

Porter did not start his career as a successful writer. He worked at a farm, land office and bank.

波特一开始并不是一个成功的作家,他在农场、土地局和银行都工作过。

He also loved words and writing. The museum has a special proof of Porter’s love of language — his dictionary.

他还喜欢文字和写作。博物馆有一件东西可以很好地证明波特热爱语言——他的词典。

It is said that he had read every word in that dictionary.

据说那本词典里的每个字他都读过。

Later William Porter was forced to leave Austin because he was charged with financial wrongdoing at the bank and lost his job.

后来,威廉•波特被迫离开奥斯汀,因为他被指控在这家银行存在金融违规行为,并因此丢掉了工作。

Because he was afraid of a trail, he left the country secretly. But he returned because his wife was dying.

因为害怕留下蛛丝马迹,他秘密地离开了这个国家。但是后来他回来了,因为他的妻子快要死了。

After her death, he faced the trial and became a criminal. He served several years in a prison in Ohio.

妻子逝世后,他面临审判并被判成罪犯,在俄亥俄州的监狱服刑几年。

William Porter would keep his time in prison a secret. But there was one good thing about it. It provided him with time to write.

威廉·波特隐瞒了他坐牢的秘密,但有一件好事,就是坐牢给了他写作的时间。

By the time he was freed, he had published 14 stories and became well known as O. Henry.

当他被释放的时候,他已经出版了14篇小说,并成为众所周知的欧·亨利。

Porter later moved to New York City and found great success there. He published over 180 stories in the last eight years of his life.

后来波特搬到纽约市,在那里大获成功。他在人生的最后八年里,发表了一百八十多篇小说。

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