美国现实主义作家 杰克·伦敦 Jack London

2019年7月21日
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Jack London, one of America’s major writers of adventure tales, was born in California in 1876.

杰克·伦敦是美国的主要冒险故事作家之一,于1876年出生于美国加利福尼亚。

During his life, London worked at many jobs. His broad life experiences would become the background for his writing.

伦敦一生中从事过许多工作。他丰富的人生经历成为他写作的背景。

London loved to read. As a teenager, he spent many hours educating himself at the Oakland, California, public library.

伦敦喜欢读书。十几岁的时候,他花了很多时间在加州奥克兰公共图书馆自学。

He attended college at the University of California at Berkeley, but he stayed for only six months.

他曾就读于加州大学伯克利分校,但只待了六个月。

He thought Berkeley was “not lively enough” and wanted to do something more exciting.

他认为伯克利 “不够活跃”,而他想做一些更令人兴奋的事情。

London wrote stories about working people and the hard times they had making a living.

伦敦写了关于劳动人民的故事以及他们谋生的艰苦岁月。

He knew their problems first hand. He worked as a sailor, farmer, factory employee, railroad worker, and gold prospector, to name just a few of his many jobs.

他对他们的问题了如指掌。他当过水手、农民、工厂雇员、铁路工人和淘金者,这只是他众多工作中的一小部分。

Like many people of that time, London caught the Klondike Gold Rush Fever. In 1897, he headed for Alaska.

和当时的许多人一样,伦敦也深受克朗代克淘金热(发生在1890左右的加拿大育空地区)的影响。1897年,他前往阿拉斯加。

He didn’t find gold, but he discovered something even more valuable. He discovered that people enjoyed listening to the stories he made up with his vivid imagination.

他没有找到金子,但他发现了更有价值的东西。他发现人们喜欢听他用丰富的想象力编造的故事。

London entertained the miners with story after story. Later, using his experiences during the Gold Rush, he created many more colorful stories.

伦敦用一个接一个的故事来娱乐矿工。后来,他利用自己在淘金热期间的经历,创作了许多更加丰富多彩的故事。

London resolved to live a full, exciting life. He once said, “I would rather be a superb meteor, every atom of me in magnificent glow, than a sleepy and permanent planet.” Each day, he pushed himself.

伦敦决心过一种充实而刺激的生活。他曾经说过: “我宁愿成为一颗灿烂的流星,让我生命的一点一滴都发出耀眼的光芒,也不愿成为一颗永恒而沉睡的行星。”他每天都在鞭策自己。

Once London determined that he was going to be a writer, nothing could stop him.

一旦伦敦下定决心要成为一名作家,什么也阻挡不了他。

His goal was to write at least one thousand words every day. He refused to stop even when he was sick.

他的目标是每天至少写一千字。即使生病了,他也不肯停下来。

In eighteen years, the writer published fifty-one books and hundreds of articles. He was the best-selling and highest-paid author of his day.

在18年的时间里,他出版了51本书和数百篇文章。他是当时最畅销、收入最高的作家。

Many people also considered him to be the best writer. White Fang and The Call of the Wild are his most famous stories and are about surviving in the Alaskan wilderness.

许多人也认为他是最好的作家。《白牙》和《野性的呼唤》是他最著名的小说,讲述的是在阿拉斯加荒野中生存的故事。

Readers can enjoy Jack London’s energy and his talent for telling wonderful stories each time they open one of his novels.

读者每次打开杰克•伦敦的小说,都能感受到他的活力和讲述精彩故事的天赋。

小e英语