最低等的动物 The Lowest Animal

2021年1月30日
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最低等的动物 The Lowest Animal

Man is the only animal that robs his helpless fellow of his country-takes possession of it and drives him out of it or destroys him. Man has done this in all the ages. There is not an acre of ground on the globe that is in possession of its rightful owner, or that has not been taken away from owner after owner, cycle after cycle, by force and bloodshed.

人是掠夺孤弱同类的家园的唯一动物。他把它据为己有,把他的同类赶走或消灭掉。人在各个时代都是这样干的。地球上没有一亩土地未曾通过武力和流血周而复始地从一个又一个主人手里夺走。

Man is the only Slave. And he is the only animal who enslaves. He has always been a slave in one form or another, and has always held other slaves in bondage under him in one way or another. In our day he is always some man's slave for wages, and does the man's work; and this slave has other slaves under him for minor wages, and they do his work. The higher animals are the only ones who exclusively do their own work and provide their own living.

人是唯一的奴隶。他又是唯一奴役他同类的动物。他永远是这种或那种形式的奴隶,总是用这种或那种形式把其他奴隶置于自己的控制之下。在我们这个时代里他为了拿工资而充当别人的奴隶,替那个人干活;这个奴隶的手下又有其他奴隶,他们为了更少的工资替他干活。高等动物毫无例外地为自己干活,靠自己谋生。

Man is the only Patriot. He sets himself apart in his own country, under his own flag, and sneers at the other nations, and keeps multitudinous uniformed assassins on hand at heavy expense to grab slices of other people's countries, and keep them from grabbing slices of his. And in the intervals between campaigns he washes the blood off his hands and works for “the universal brotherhood of man”—with his mouth.

人是唯一的爱国者。他使自己在本国超群出众,打出自己的旗号,讪笑其他的民族,他出重金豢养众多穿制服的杀手去攫取其他国家一片又一片领土,并阻止别人攫取他的领土。在战役的间歇他洗掉双手的血迹,为“四海之内皆兄弟也”的理想奉献力量——用他的嘴巴。

Man is the Religious Animal. He is the only Religious Animal. He is the only animal that has the True Religion-several of them. He is the only animal that loves his neighbor as himself, and cuts his throat if his theology isn't straight. He has made a graveyard of the globe in trying his honest best to smooth his brother's path to happiness and heaven. He was at it in the time of Caesars, he was at it in Mahomet's time, he was at it in the time of the Inquisition, he was at it in France a couple of centuries, he was at it in England in Mary's day, he has been at it ever since he first saw the light, he is at it today in Crete—as per the telegrams quoted above*—he will be at it somewhere else tomorrow. The higher animals have no religion. And we are told that they are going to be left out, in the Hereafter. I wonder why? It seems questionable taste.

人是信宗教的动物。他是唯一信教的动物。他是唯一有“真正宗教”(有好几种)的动物。他是爱邻如己的唯一动物。如果邻人的宗教不对头,那就割断那邻人的喉咙。他把地球变成一片墓地,最忠诚地为他的弟兄铺平通向幸福和天国的道路。他在恺撒时代这样干,他在穆罕默德时代这样干,他在宗教审判时代这样干,他在法国这样干了两个世纪,他在英国玛丽女王时代这样干,自从他第一次见到光以来他一直这样干,他现在在克里特岛上这样干——根据上面所引的电文,他明天将在其他地方这样干。高等动物没有宗教。我们听说在“来世”要把它们去除掉。我不懂这是为什么?这种鉴别能力是很成问题的。

Man is the Reasoning Animal. Such is the claim. I think it is open to dispute. Indeed, my experiments have proven to me that he is the Unreasoning Animal. Note his history, as sketched above. It seems plain to me that whatever he is he is not a reasoning animal. His record is the fantastic record of a maniac. I consider that the strongest count against his intelligence is the fact that with that record back of him he blandly sets himself up as the head animal of the lot: whereas by his own standards he is the bottom one.

人是“理性的动物”。这是他自许的。我认为值得争议。我的实验确实向我证明他是“非理性的动物”。请注意上面简述的他的历史。不管他是什么,他不是理性的动物。我感到这一点是很清楚的。他的历史是一个疯子的狂乱历史。我认为对他的理智最强有力的反证就是:尽管他的背后有那样一部历史,他还厚颜无耻地自封为万物之首,但按照他自己规定的标准来衡量,他是最底层的动物。

In truth, man is incurably foolish. Simple things which the other animals easily learn, he is incapable of learning. Among my experiments was this. In an hour I taught a cat and a dog to be friends. I put them in a cage. In another hour I taught them to be friends with a rabbit. In the course of two days I was able to add a fox, a goose, a squirrel and some doves. Finally a monkey. They lived together in peace; even affectionately.

事实上人的愚蠢已经到了不可救药的地步。其他动物很容易学会的东西,他就是学不会。我的实验中就有这一项。我在一个小时之内教会一只和一只狗做朋友。我把它们放进一个笼子。另一个小时之内我教会它们和一个兔子做朋友。在两天内我还能加上一只狐狸、一只鹅、一只松鼠和几只鸽子。最后还有一只猴子。它们住在一起相安无事,甚至相亲相爱。

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