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特殊疑问句作宾语从句时,由疑问词when, who, what, where, whatever, how,which, why等引导。宾语从句的词序一律用陈述句的词序,即"主语+谓语"词序。

①带有系动词be(is,am,are,was,were)的特殊疑问句。

主句 宾语从句
Do you know how old Liz is? 你知道兹几岁吗?
I know how old Liz is. 我知道莉兹几岁。
I don’t know how old Liz is. 我不知道莉兹几岁。

宾语从句"how old Liz is"是主句动词know的宾语。how在从句中作副词。注意从句的顺序,主语在动词前(Liz is)。

②带有(情态)助动词is/am/are/have/has/can/should等的特殊疑问句

When is Ann going to lran? 安什么时候去伊朗?

→ Do you know when Ann is going to lran? 你知道安什么时候去伊朗吗?

→ I don’t know when Ann is going to lran. 我不知道安什么时候去伊朗。

What should I do? 我该怎么办?

→ Can you tell me what I should do? 你能告诉我,我该怎么办吗?

→ Please tell me what I should do. 请告诉我,我该怎么办。

Where has Ron gone? 朗去了哪里?

→ Do you know where Ron has gone? 你知道朗去了哪里吗?

→ I don’t know where Ron has gone. 我不知道朗去了哪里。

③带有助动词do/does/did的特殊疑问句。

Where did I put my wedding ring? 我把我的结婚戒指放在哪里了?

→ Do you know where I put my wedding ring? 你知道我把我的结婚戒指放在哪里了吗?

→ I don’t remember where I put my wedding ring. 我不记得我把我的结婚戒指放在哪里了。

What does Sue think about Lulu? 苏对露露的看法是什么?

→ Do you know what Sue thinks about Lulu? 你知道苏对露露的看法是什么吗?

→ I know what Sue thinks about Lulu. 我知道苏对露露的看法是什么。

注意:

(1)由于宾语从句要求陈述句语序,故而在从句中它变成了陈述语序。请看下列两组句子:

How much does this coat cost?

→ I want to know how much this coat costs.

Where did you go yesterday?

→ Please tell me where you went yesterday.

(2)当疑问代词what、who在特殊疑问句中作主语时,该特殊疑问句本身就是陈述句语序,所以当该句用来作宾语时,语序不需要调整。

What’s wrong with you? 怎么了?

→ He asked the girl what was wrong with her.

What’s the matter? 怎么了?

→ He asked the girl what was the matter.

What has happened to him?

→ We want to know what has happened to him.

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