图片[1]-中考英语:三种“过去”时态-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文


过去进行时

[玫瑰]过去进行时+when+一般过去式

例如:I was telephoning a friend when Bob came in.

​​[玫瑰]一般过去式+while+过去进行时

例如:She didn’t want to stay in bed while the others were working in the fields.

He broke a chair while he was jumping up and down.

​[玫瑰]while 所在主从句动作持续相等时间时,主从句都用进行时;两个动作一长一短,则短的用一般过去时,长的用过去进行时。

例如:I was cooking the dinner while he was playing the piano.

He called his mother every week even while he was traveling around the world.


过去完成时

​[玫瑰]表示某个动作在“过去的过去”完成。

例如:The bus had already left by the time I got there.

例如:By the end of last week, she had stayed in the west of China for two months helping the homeless children.

​[玫瑰]在含有间接引语的宾语从句中,主句一般过去时,从句过去完成时。

例如:He told me that he had already seen the film.


过去将来时(would do;was/were+ going to do)

​[玫瑰]come,go,start等动词,其过去进行时表示过去按计划即将发生的动作。

例如:He said he was coming this evening.

 

中考英语复习资料:时态之一般过去时三种变化技巧

一变:肯定句变为否定句

【技巧1】当句中含有情态动词或助动词could,would,should等时,可直接在其后面加not构成否定句。例如:

I could get you a concert ticket.→Icould not/couldn‘t get you a concert ticket.

【技巧2】当句中含有系动词was,were时,可直接在其后加not构成否定句。例如:

I was on the Internet when you called me.→I wasnot/wasn’t on the Internet when you called me.

【技巧3】当句中谓语是除情态动词、助动词、系动词was,were以外的动词时,在该动词之前加didnot/didn‘t,动词还原,构成否定句。例如:

The famous singer sang some Chinese songs.→The famous singer did not/didn’t sing any Chinese songs.

二变:陈述句变为一般疑问句

【技巧1】移动词语的位置。将was,were,could,would,should等移到句首。例如:

He could pack his things himself.→Could he pack his things himself?

【技巧2】添加助动词did。谓语是除情态动词、助动词、系动词was,were以外的动词时,在主语之前加did,动词还原。例如:

Mr Li looked very old.→Did Mr Li look very old?

三变:陈述句变为特殊疑问句

【技巧1】确定疑问词:人who/whom,物what,地点where,时间when/whattime,原因why,频率how often,长度how long,距离how far等等。例如:

They gave the concert last night.→When did they give the concert?

【技巧2】辨认结构形式:疑问词+情态动词/助动词/was/were/did+主语+…?例如:

The accident happened near the station.→Where did the accident happen

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