as用法归纳与小结(as的用法归纳思维导图)

《英语的介词 as 都有 哪些用法》

n. acanthoma的变形

as1 [强 ?z; 弱?z]

adv.

[表示程度]同样地,相同地,一样地,相等地,达到…程度

[后接形容词或分词]被认为,被看作是,(从某种方式)与…对比时

[后接 directed, agreed, promised 等分词]照…一样,按照(规定的、同意的、答应的)方式

诸如,例如

conj.

[表示比较]像…(一样),达到…程度,以至于:

例句: It flew straight as an arrow.

它直飞如箭。

You are as good as you think you are.

你像你自己认为的一样好。

[表示方式]以…的方式,按照;如同,如同…那样:

例句: Do as you are told.

照吩咐去做。

Do as we do.

我们怎么干,你就怎么干。

[表示时间] 当…的时候,在…的同时,和…同时;当,正值:

例句: She wept as she spoke.

她边说边哭。

Pay as you enter.

进来时付钱。

[表示原因]因为,由于,鉴于;既然:

例句: As you object, we won’t go.

由于你反对,我们不去了。

As you are leaving last, lock up.

你是最后一个离开,把门锁好。

[与so连用,表示结果或目的]:以至于,结果是:

例句: The question is so obvious as to need no reply.

这问题很清楚,不必回答。

[表示让步,词序倒装]虽然,尽管,纵:

例句: Tall as she was she couldn’t reach the oranges.

她虽然长得这么高,仍够不着那些橙子。

Strange as it seems,it is so.

虽然看来很怪,但事实如此。

[口语][引导名词从句,在主从复合句的主句中]= that:

例句: I don’t know as I should.

我不知道我该这么做。

I don’t know as I do.

我不知道我知道。

[与 so 连用,表示目的]为了,为使,以便:

例句: Students should take notes so as to make revision easier.

为了便于复习,学生应该记笔记。

[常与 so 连用,表示比例或关系]正像;随着…:

例句: As the wind blew harder,so the sea grew rougher.

风越刮越大,海浪也越来越汹涌。

仿佛,好像( = as if):

例句: It seems as she’s never happy.

她似乎生活得一点也不愉快。

根据;[与 go 连用]按照…的一般标准来说:

例句: as far as it goes

就一般标准来说,就其本身来说

[口语][引导名词从句, = that]

[方言]比;与其…(不如…)( = than)

pron.

如(情形或事实所表示);这一点,这一事实,那一情况

[用于比较,前为such 或 the same,或与后跟形容词的 as 连用,引导定语从句,等于who,which或that]照此;如;像…样的人(或事物);凡是…的人(或事物)

也一样( = and so)

[方言][引导定语从句,= who,whom,which 或 that]

prep.

当作;作为;以…的资格,以…的身份:

例句: He poses as a friend.

他摆出一副朋友的样子。

I do not think much of her as a musician.

她作为一名音乐家,我认为不怎么样。

像,如同,跟…一样:

例句: The risk is as nothing compared to the gain.

所冒风险与所得相比不足挂齿。

The thief disguised himself as a policeman.

那贼乔装打扮成警察。

[表示比较]像…(一样):

例句: as early as 1848

早在1848年

eyes as clear as crystals

水晶般明亮的眼睛

例句: a card game, as bridge

一种牌戏,例如桥牌

In some words in English the initial h is not sounded,as honour,hour,honesty,etc.

英语里有些词如 honour,hour,honesty等等的首字h不发音。

为了…的目的:

例句: I only said it as a joke.

我只是开玩笑说说而已。

以…的形式:

例句: We all start life as babies.

我们都是从婴儿开始人生的旅程的。

由于…的理由[as being的省略形式]:

例句: He was detained as suspects.

他因是嫌疑犯被拘留。

起…的作用;(在剧中)扮演…的角色:

例句: The illustration shows Mr.John as prince in Hamlet.

这个插图说明约翰先生在《哈姆雷特》一剧中扮演王子这个角色。

当某人在…的时候:

例句: As a child,he was rather naughty.

他小时候挺淘气。介词在英语里出现非常频繁,它的搭配众多且意义丰富。在整个中学阶段,介词的搭配是同学们感到较为棘手的问题之一。在多年高中英语教学中,笔者总结了常用介词的各种搭配,这里把它们归纳起来,供同学们复习备考参阅。

三、AT

1.动词+ at

at表示“指向某一目标,到达某地”:arrive at抵达, call at访问某地, catch at(it)当场抓住, come at攻击, fire at向…开火, glance at瞟一眼, glare at怒目而视, grieve at忧伤,knock at敲, laugh at嘲笑, look at看一眼, pull at拉扯, rejoice at对…高兴,smile at向某人微笑, shoot at朝…射击, stare at怒目而视, thrust at刺向, tear at撕, tremble at颤抖,wonder at吃惊,work at工作。例如:

Don’t let me catch you again at it.不要再让我当场逮住你。

We must “shoot the arrow at the target”. 我们必须有的放矢。

They trembled at the sight of the peasant’s spears. 看到农民的梭标,他们阵阵发抖。

2. be +形容词/过去分词+ at

其中at表示“情绪、情感的原因,或对某物具有某种感情”:be angry at恼怒于, be alarmed at对…保持警觉, be astonished at对…吃惊, be bad at不擅长, be clever at对某事很灵巧, be delighted at高兴,be disgusted at厌恶, be disappointed at对…失望,be good at擅长, be impatient at对…不够耐心, be mad at狂热于, be pleased at对…感到高兴, be

present at出席, be satisfied at满意, be surprised at吃惊, be shocked at 对…非常震惊,be terrified at受到…的恐吓, be quick at对…很机敏。例如:

They were overjoyed at his return to work. 他们对他重返工作感到欣喜。

They are alarmed at the growth of the liberation movement in the colonies. 他们对殖民地日益壮大的解放运动警觉起来。

3.at+名词构成的词组:

at a distance在一定距离,at a loss不知所措,at a time一次,at all一点也不,at any cost不惜一切代价,at best最好也只是,at first起初,at hand手头,at heart在内心里,at home在家;无拘束,at last最后,at least至少,at most最多,at once马上,at present目前,at sea不知所措,at times有时,at will任意地,at work起作用,at worst最坏。

4.其它含有at的短语:

work hard at勤奋工作,drop in at顺路拜访

《as所有用法总结》

as可用作连词,引导比较、时间、原因及方式等四种状语从句,应注意的是,引导的比较状语从句往往有省略;引导的时间状语从句一般用一般现在时而不用一般将来时;引导原因状语从句时与“Because”和“since”引导的从句比较起起来语气最弱。

as作介词,意思时“作为”,“以……身份”。例如:He came to China as a tourist five years ago.

而表示像…一样时,like通常作介词用,而介词后面通常接名词,代名词和动名词。

as in Australia“和在澳大利亚一样”。

as……as

AS +adj(原级)+AS

AS +adv(原级)+AS

as soon as 一……就

as soon as possible 尽可能快地

as early as possible 尽可能早的

as carefully as you can 尽可能认真地

as careful as you can 尽可能认真的

1。as是连词,表示“随着”的意义。lives是life的复数,意义是“生活”。

2。as是连词,表示“因为,由于”的意义。wanting是现在分词,表示主动意义,wanting to buy cars=who want to buy cars。

As的用法小结

as可以作连词、介词及关系代词和副词。现将其用法小结如下:

(一)、 as作连词的用法:

1.作“在——-期间,当—-的时候”引导时间状语从句.注意与when、 while的用法区别。

①下列情形时,只用as, 而不用when或while。

1)用于表示同一个人的两种动作交替进行,指一边—-一边. 如:

The girl sings as she goes to school.

He looked behind occasionally as he went forward in the forest.

2)表示两个同步发生的动作或行?意思是随着—–的发展.如:

As time went on / by, she became more and more beautiful .

As children get older, they become more and more interested in everything.

3)表示两个短暂行为或事情几乎同时发生.如:I watched her as she read the book.

I thought of it just as you opened your mouth.

Just as the flying worm hit her face, she gave a loud cry.

4)接在名词后面表示某一个年龄段时.如:

As a young man, he was active in sports.

②when作”当……的时候”解,可以指较短的(一点)时间,也可指一段时间。如:When I was at college, I could speak several foreign languages. When the clock struck twelve, I had slept for 2hours.

③ while常表示一段较长的时间或一个过程,强调主句谓语动词与从句谓语动词同时发生。如:Work while you work. Play while you play.

2. As =Since 作”既然”、”由于”解,引导原因状语从句,常用来表示已为人们所知或显而易见的原因或理由。如: As he’s been ill for ages, I will help him.

As / Since you’re not feeling well, you may stay at home.

As he wasn’t ready , we went without him.

3. As =in the way that作”像”、”按照……的方式”解,引导方式状语从句。如:

Do as I told you.

Remember, you must do everything as I do.

4. 用于as— as或not / so/ as —- as中,前一个as是副词,后一个as是连词,引导比较状语从句。如:They helped the old as much as possible.

I don’t speak English so/ as well as she does.

5. 表示虽然,尽管 等,引导让步状语从句,常用倒装语序,模式为:

adj. /adv. / n.+as +主语+谓语+主句。如: Young as he is, he knows much.

Tired as they were, they walked on.

6. 表示也——一样。 She is a doctor, as was her husband.

(二)、 as作关系代词,引导定语从句,表示正如,这一点.如:

He is very careful, as we all know.

As is well-known, Taiwan belongs to China.

另外,当先行词被the same, such等词修饰时,常用as来引导定语从句。如:

Such a clever girl as she can learn anything quickly.

I was reading the same book as he bought yesterday.

(三)、as作介词的用法.

1.表示好像。如:He dressed as a policeman.

2. 表示作为当作。如:I found a job as a guide.

3. 当某人是某身份时。如:As a child , she was sent to abroad.

4. as引导的介词短语大多用作状语,as译为”作为”;少数情况可引起宾语补足语。如:

As a Party member, I’ll take the lead in everything. (状语)

She works as a model. (状语)

She has me as one of her best friends.(引起宾语补足语)

(四)、作副词的用法 1 表示与——等同。如:This dress is twice as expensive as that one. 2 像,如等。如:As before, he remained unmoved.

总之,通过以上的分析,我们对as的词性和用法有了比较全面的理解和把握,才能在实际的运用中做到心中有数,应付裕如。

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