冠词用法_英语语法_(高中英语语法冠词讲解)

《学习英语语法,从哪先开始除了冠词的用法》

最主要在听说读写4方面,只要你听的多,读的多,写的多,而且还要有满腔自信大胆的去说,自然会产生自己意想不到的语感,英语脱口而出,语法问题也就都迎刃而解了

《英语语法怎样学比如:冠词的分类不定冠词的用法定冠词的用法序数词的》

去买一本语法书看看,里面都有详细的介绍及很多的例句说明.

《冠词的用法详解》

特指,用the。翻译出来的意思有《一,一个》的意思,用a/an。元音字母前用an,辅音字母前用a。

《冠词 的用法》

冠词分为不定冠词a/an和定冠词the,放在名词前,a/an用在单数可数名词前(a用于辅音音素开头的词前,an用于元音音素开头的词前)。除此之外,还有零冠词。

1.不定冠词

(1)不定冠词的用法

①泛指—类人或物。

eg.This is a pencil case.

She’s a doctor.

②指不具体的某个人或物。

eg.I met an old man on my way home.

③用在序数词前,相当于another。

eg.There’s a third boy near the shop.

④表示“每—(个)”,相当于every。

eg.They have music lessons twice a week.

⑤固定搭配。

a lot of,a lot,a little,a few,a glass of,such a/an, have a word with,have a look,have a try,have a swim,a quarter,half an hour, three times a day,have a talk,give a talk,ten Yuan a kilo

(2)不定冠词的位置

①不定冠词—般放在所修饰的单数可数名词前。

eg,a bike,an egg

②当名词被such,what,many修饰时,不定冠词放在这些词之后。

eg.It took me half an hour to finish my homework.

He left in such a hurry that he forgot to close the door.

What a dangerous job it is!

Many a man has gone to the big cities for work.

③当名词前的形容词前有so,how,too等词时,不定冠词应放在形容词之后。

e g. She was so nice a girl that she took theblind man to the station.

How nice a film this is!

④当名词前面有形容词和quite,rather,very时,不定冠词放在quite,rather之后,very之前。

eg.It is quite a good book.

That is rather a useful too1.

This is a very interesting story

2.定冠词的用法表示上文中所提到过的人或物。

eg:l have two children,a boy and a girl.The boy’s name is Mark.The girl’s name is Penny.

(2)特指某(些)人或物。

eg: The girl in a red dress comes from America.

(3)指说话人和听话人都熟悉的人或物。

eg: My shoes are under the bed.

(4)用在形容最高级和部分比较级前。

eg Tom is the taller of the two boys.

(5)用在序数词前。

eg Monday is the second day of a week.

(6)用在世界上独一无二的事物前(如太阳、月亮、世界、地球、天空、宇宙等)。

cg The moon moves round the earth.

(7)用在某些形容词前,表示—类人或物。

therich(富人),the poor(穷人),the deaf(聋人),the blind(盲人),the dead(死者),the wounded(伤员)

(8)用在姓氏复数前,表示“某某—家人”或“某某夫妇”。

eg.The Greens are having dinner at home.

(9)用在乐器前。

eg.play the piano/guitar/violin/drums.

(10)用于逢“十”的复数数词前,指某个世纪中的几十年代或人的大约年岁。

eg. In the 1970s,a highway was built to linkup the city with my hometown.

I think he is in the thirties.

(11)用在某些专有名词和习惯用语中。

the United Nations,the Great Wall,the Summer Palace,the Palace Museum,in the end,in the day,in the middle of,all the time,in the east,by the way,on the way to,the(more)…

the(more)…“越…越…”

3.不用冠词的情况。

(1)名词前有指示代词this,that,these,those时不用冠词。

eg.That girl is my friend.

(2)名词前有物主代词my,your,his her,their等时不用冠词。

eg.Lucy is her sister.

(3)名词前有whose,which,So,any,each,every等代词时不用冠词。eg.Which man is Mr Green?

Each student has a beautiful picture.

(4)复数名词表示一类人或物时不用冠词。

eg.Those young men are teachers,not students.

(5)物质名词表示种类时不用冠词。

eg.Snow is white.

(6)抽象名词表示一般概念时不用冠词。

eg.Does she like music?

(7)在球类运动和棋类游戏前时不用冠词。

eg.play basketball/soccer/chess

(8)在三餐前不用冠词。

eg.have breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner

(9)在人名、地名、节假日、星期、月份前不用。

eg.Tina,China,Tiananmen Square,Beijing,University,New Year’s Day,Tuesday,January

(10)在学科和节目名称前不用冠词。

eg.My favorite is English.

(11)在某些固定搭配中不用冠词。

eg.at noon, at work,at home,by bus, by air,on foot,from morning till night,at night,go to school,go to bed,at last

4.在有些词组中,用冠词和不用冠词意思有较大区别。

in hospital(在住院);in the hospital(在医院)

in prison(在坐牢);in the prison(在监狱里)

at table(吃饭,用餐);at the table(在桌旁)

in front of(在某个范围之外的前面);in the front of(在某个范围之外的前面)

go to college(上大学);go to the college(去那所大学)

take place(发生);take the place(代替)

5. 零冠词的用法

1) 国名,人名前通常不用定冠词:England,Mary;

2)泛指的复数名词,表示一类人或事物时,可不用定冠词;

They are teachers. 他们是教师。

3)抽象名词表示一般概念时,通常不加冠词;

Failure is the mother of success.失败乃成功之母。

4)物质名词表示一般概念时,通常不加冠词,当表示特定的意思时,需要加定冠词;

Man cannot live without water.人离开水就无法生存。

5)在季节、月份、节日、 假日、日期、星期等表示时间的名词之前,不加冠词;

We go to school from Monday to Friday. 我们从星期一到星期五都上课。

6)在称呼或表示官衔,职位的名词前不加冠词;

The guards took the American to General Lee.

士兵们把这个美国人送到李将军那里。

7)在三餐、球类运动和娱乐运动的名称前,不加冠词 如:have breakfast,play chess

8)当两个或两个以上名词并用时,常省去冠词;

I can’t write without pen or pencil.没有钢笔和铅笔,我就写不了字。

9)当by 与火车等交通工具连用,表示一种方式时,中间无冠词;by bus,by train;

10)有些个体名词不用冠词;如:

school,college,prison,market,hospital,bed,table,class,town, church,court 等个体名词,直接置于介词后,表示该名词的深层含义;

go to hospital去医院看病

go to the hospital去医院 (并不是去看病,而是有其他目的)

11)不用冠词的序数词;

a. 序数词前有物主代词

b. 序数词作副词 He came first in the race.

c. 在固定词组中 at (the) first, first of all, from first to last

冠词:属于虚词,在句子里主要是对名词起限定作用,帮助说明名次的含义。冠词可以分为不定冠词(the Indefinite Article)和定冠词(the Definite Article)两种。“a(an)”是不定冠词,“the”是定冠词。这类词的数量很小,但是其活动性却很大,很大。不定冠词a (an)与数词one同源,是“一个”的意思,用于辅音音素前,一般读作[e],而an则用于元音音素前,一般读做[en],和可数名词单数连用,表示某类人或东西中的一个。例如:Lend me a novel, will you?借一本小说给我看,好吗?This is an agricultural school,这是一所农业学校。需要注意的是,在英文中,a / an并不等于one 。例:He only has one dictionary.他只有一本词典。( 正确 ) He only has a dictionary.他只有一本词典。( 错误 ) One minute is enough for me to do it . 我做这件事一分钟足够了。(正确 ) A minute is enough for me to do it . 我做这件事一分钟足够了( 错误 )定冠词the与指示代词this,that同源,有“那(这)个”的意思,但意义较弱,可以和一个名词连用,来表示某个或某些特定的人或东西。例如:Show me the novel you’ve just bought.把你刚买的那本小说拿给我看看。This is the agricultural school I told you about.这就是我和你谈起的那所农业学校

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