思维导图的制作,可以使用计算机也可以手绘。计算机制作精美,难度大,需要用到Mind Manager,i Mind Map 等软件。手绘虽然较粗糙,但绘制方法简单随意,更能培养学生动手操作能力

思维导图目前已广泛运用在中小学教育中,在英语阅读教学中,繁杂且篇幅较长的文章总令学生望而生畏,不易激发起他们的阅读兴趣和学习欲望。而思维导图基于联想、无限延伸,把原本枯燥的黑白文字,用色彩斑澜的可视化图像来呈现,能够增强学生的阅读兴趣,还能够有效促进学生对文章内容和结构的理解,提高学生的英语阅读能力。

以人教版高中英语必修5 Unit 1 JOHH SHOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”为例,本文介绍英国著名医生John Snow是如何通过考察、分析、探究的科学方法,发现并控制“霍乱”这种传染病的。虽然他没有发现导致霍乱的病原体,但他创造性地使用空间统计学查找到传染源,并以此证明了这种方法的价值。今天,绘制地图已成为医学地理学及传染病学中一项基本的研究方法。“斯诺的霍乱地图”(Snow’ Cholera map)成为一个经典案例。这篇文章从词汇到题材,对学生来说都有一定难度,借助思维导图的帮助,极大地提升了学生对文章内容和结构的把握。

原文JOHH SHOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”

John Snow was a famous doctor in London -so expert, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician. But hebecame inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed tocholera. This was the deadly disease of its day. Neither its cause nor its curewas understood. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there wasan outbreak. John Snow wanted to face the challenge and solve this problem. Heknew that cholera would never be controlled until its cause was found. He became interested in two theories that possibly explained how cholerakilled people. The first suggested that cholera multiplied in the air. A cloudof dangerous gas floated around until it found its victims. The secondsuggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals.From the stomach the disease quickly attacked the body and soon the affectedperson died. John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct but he neededevidence. So when another outbreak hit Londonin 1854, he was ready to begin his enquiry. As the disease spread quicklythrough poor neighbourhoods, he began to gather information. In two particularstreets, the cholera outbreak was so severe that more than 500 people died inten days. He was determined to find out why. First he marked on a map the exact places where all the dead people hadlived. This gave him a valuable clue about the cause of the disease. Many ofthe deaths were near the water pump in Broad Street (especially numbers 16, 37,38 and 40). He also noticed that some houses (such as 20 and 21 Broad Street and 8 and 9 Cambridge Street)had had no deaths. He had not foreseen this, so he made further investigations.He discovered that these people worked in the pub at 7 Cambridge Street. They had been givenfree beer and so had not drunk the water from the pump. It seemed that thewater was to blame. Next, John Snow looked into the source of the water for these twostreets. He found that it came from the river polluted by the dirty water from London. He immediatelytold the astonished people in Broad Street to remove the handle from the pump so thatit could not be used. Soon afterwards the disease slowed down. He had shownthat cholera was spread by germs and not in a cloud of gas. In another part of London,he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Streetoutbreak. A woman, who had moved away from Broad Street, liked the water from thepump so much that she had it delivered to her house every day. Both she and herdaughter died of cholera after drinking the water. With this extra evidenceJohn Snow was able to announce with certainty that polluted water carried thevirus. To prevent this from happening again, John Snow suggested that thesource of all the water supplies be examined. The water companies wereinstructed not to expose people to polluted water any more. Finally “KingCholera” was defeated.

图片[1]-英语思维导图-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

图片[2]-英语思维导图-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

图片[3]-英语思维导图-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

图片[4]-英语思维导图-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

以下是人教版高中英语必修4和必修5课文阅读部分的思维导图

图片[5]-英语思维导图-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

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