当世界陷入封锁,科学家却在打破国界

2021年1月15日
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科学有国界吗?长期以来,受到经费职称、制度差异等因素影响,科学无国界只是一个理想,但在疫情影响下,全球科学家们,正在以一种前所未有的方式,为同一个研究课题,日以继夜地跨国合作。科学家如何突破国界差异?

当世界陷入封锁,科学家却在打破国界

Covid-19 Changed How the World Does Science, Together

新冠病毒改变世界科研,科学家同舟共济

While political leaders have locked their borders, scientists have been shattering theirs, creating a global collaboration unlike any in history. Never before, researchers say, have so many experts in so many countries focused simultaneously on a single topic and with such urgency. Nearly all other research has ground to a halt.

当下,一些国家的政治领导人已宣布“锁国”,而与此同时,科学家们正打破他们之间的科研边界,形成了一股前所未有的全球合作态势。研究人员表示,从来没有像现在这样,有这么多国家的专家们如此迫切地同时专注一个课题。几乎所有其他研究都暂停了。

Normal imperatives like academic credit have been set aside. Online repositories make studies available months ahead of journals. Researchers have identified and shared hundreds of viral genome sequences. More than 200 clinical trials have been launched, bringing together hospitals and laboratories around the globe.

像学术荣誉这种平时被看得很重的事已被放在了一边。在线信息库让研究论文提前于期刊数月便可供查阅。研究人员已经鉴定并共享了数百个病毒基因组序列。200多项临床试验业已启动,将全球各地的医院和实验室联结在了一起。

On a recent morning, for example, scientists at the University of Pittsburgh discovered that a ferret exposed to Covid-19 particles had developed a high fever — a potential advance toward animal vaccine testing. Under ordinary circumstances, they would have started work on an academic journal article.

比如,在最近的一个早晨,匹兹堡大学的科学家们发现,一只暴露在新冠病毒颗粒环境中的雪貂出现了高烧症状——这可能是动物疫苗试验的一个进展。通常情况下,他们会开始撰写学术期刊文章。

“But you know what? There is going to be plenty of time to get papers published,” said Paul Duprex, a virologist leading the university’s vaccine research. Within two hours, he said, he had shared the findings with scientists around the world on a WHO conference call. “It is pretty cool, right? You cut the crap, for lack of a better word, and you get to be part of a global enterprise.”

“但是你知道吗?以后有的是时间发表论文,”在该大学领导这一疫苗研究项目的病毒学家保罗·杜普瑞斯说道。他表示,两个小时之内,他就在世界卫生组织的电话会议上与世界各地的科学家们分享了前述发现。“这件事很酷,对吧?你无需废话,我也找不到更好的词了,就能参与到一项全球事业中。”

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