被遗忘的世界:病毒下无力招架的几千万人

2021年1月15日
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当我们把视线集中在中国和一些富裕国家的防疫工作时,可能多多少少忽视了这样一群人:住在人员密集的难民营或较贫穷地区的难民们。他们缺少足够的卫生设施和清洁用水,面对任何疾病的爆发,都是相对脆弱的群体。这些地区在病毒面前还有哪些风险?

被遗忘的世界:病毒下无力招架的几千万人

Unprepared for the Worst: World’s Most Vulnerable Brace for Virus

对最坏的情况毫无准备:世界最脆弱人群防御病毒

In an embattled enclave in Syria, doctors have seen patients die from what looks like the coronavirus but are unable to treat them because they lack beds, protective gear and medical professionals. A refugee camp in Bangladesh is so cramped that its population density is nearly four times that of New York City, making social distancing impossible. Clinics in a refugee camp in Kenya struggle in normal times with only eight doctors for nearly 200,000 people.

在叙利亚一片饱受战乱折磨的飞地上,医生们眼睁睁看着疑似感染新冠肺炎的病人死去,却无力救治,因为他们缺少床位、防护装备和医护人员。在孟加拉国一个拥挤不堪的难民营里,人口密度几乎是纽约市的四倍,因此想要在这里保持社交距离毫无可能。在肯尼亚一处难民营的那些诊所里,仅有8名医生,而他们平时就要艰难地应对近20万人的就医需求。

As wealthy countries like the United States and Italy struggle with mass outbreaks of the coronavirus, international health experts and aid workers are increasingly worried that the virus could ravage the world’s most vulnerable people: the tens of millions forced from their homes by violent conflict.

当美国和意大利这些富裕国家都在因疫情大爆发而苦苦挣扎之际,国际卫生专家和救援人员愈发担心,新冠病毒可能会重创世界上最脆弱的人群:数千万因暴力冲突而流离失所的人们。

Refugee camps across Africa, the Middle East and Asia are packed with traumatized and undernourished people with limited access to health care and basic sanitation, perfect breeding grounds for contagion. Extended families jam into tarpaulin shelters with mud floors. Food, water and soap are often lacking. Illnesses, from hacking coughs to deadly diseases, go untreated, facilitating their spread.

非洲、中东和亚洲等地的难民营里,挤满了饱受精神创伤和营养不良的人们,他们获取医疗保健和基本卫生设施的机会有限,因而这些地方就成了传染病蔓延的绝佳温床。一大家子人挤在防水帆布搭成的泥地帐篷里。食物、水和肥皂经常短缺。从干咳到致命疾病,人们都得不到治疗,继而助长了疾病的传播。

The coronavirus, which has already infected hundreds of thousands of people around the globe, could rip through these camps with devastating speed and mortality.

已经感染了全球数十万人的新冠病毒,或将以骇人的速度和死亡率,席卷这些难民营。

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