东京奥运延期,代价有多大?

2021年1月15日
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新冠疫情的阴影笼罩下,各大体育赛事相继停摆,备受瞩目的2020年东京奥运会也未能幸免。本周,东京奥运被正式推迟至明年,成为了史上首届延期举行的奥运会。这一决定会给东道主日本带来什么影响?又将波及哪些其它领域?

东京奥运延期,代价有多大?

I.O.C. and Japan Agree to Postpone Tokyo Olympics

国际奥委会和日本同意推迟东京奥运会

A week ago, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan and Thomas Bach, president of the International Olympic Committee, were promoting the Summer Olympics in Tokyo as the balm the world needed to show victory over the coronavirus pandemic.

一周前,日本首相安倍晋三和国际奥委会主席托马斯·巴赫还在宣传东京夏季奥运会,称世界人民需要这样的慰藉,来昭示新冠大流行被打败。

On Tuesday, the virus won out.

然而这周二,病毒胜出。

Bach and Abe bowed to a groundswell of resistance — from athletes, from sports federations, from national Olympic committees, from health experts — and formally postponed the Games, which had been scheduled to begin in late July, until 2021.

来自运动员、体育联合会、各国奥委会和卫生专家高涨的反对呼声,迫使巴赫和安倍做出让步,正式宣布将原定于7月下旬开幕的奥运会推迟到2021年。

The decision became all but inevitable after the national Olympic committee in Canada announced on Sunday that it was withdrawing from the Games, and Australia’s committee told its athletes that it was not possible to train under the widespread restrictions in place to control the virus.

这一决定几乎是不可避免的,鉴于加拿大国家奥委会已在周日宣布将退出东京奥运会,澳大利亚奥委会也告知本国运动员,在病毒防控的诸多限制性措施下,无法进行训练。

At a time when Japan’s economy is already stumbling, the delay of the Olympics could deal a serious blow. In a report early this month, Nikko Securities projected that a cancellation of the Games would erase 1.4 percent of Japan’s economic output.

日本经济已然举步维艰,这个时候推迟奥运会可能会造成严重打击。日兴证券本月初的一份报告预计,取消奥运会将使日本经济产出减少1.4%。

The complications will ripple beyond the Games themselves. The international governing bodies for track and field and swimming, for example, planned to hold world championships in 2021 and will have to work with their athletes and host cities to possibly reschedule those events.

复杂的影响将超出奥运会本身。例如,国际田径和游泳管理机构原本计划在2021年举行世界锦标赛,如今将不得不和参赛运动员及主办城市协商,可能会重新安排这些赛事的时间。

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