新冠危机下,美国曾经的全球领导力难寻

2021年1月15日
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在过去,在面临类似于艾滋病、埃博拉等全球卫生问题时,美国一直扮演着一个国际领导者的角色。但这次,面临新冠疫情,美国不仅在国际合作上鲜有作为,还谴责欧洲盟友,甚至一度想收购德国疫苗公司“专供美国”。美国在全球抗疫中的表现,会如何影响其国际地位?

新冠危机下,美国曾经的全球领导力难寻

Another Virus Victim: The U.S. as a Global Leader in a Time of Crisis

病毒的又一受害者:危机下美国领导者角色缺失

As the coronavirus crisis escalates across the globe, the United States is stepping back, abandoning its longtime role as a generous global leader able to coordinate an ambitious, multinational response to a worldwide emergency.

新冠病毒危机在世界各地不断升级,美国却在逐步后退,放弃自己长期以来慷慨的全球领导者角色——在全球紧急情况出现时,能够协调艰巨的多国应对措施。

With Mr. Trump’s unembellished nationalism and slogan of “America First,’’ his efforts to blame first China and then Europe for the coronavirus, and his various misstatements of fact, “it means that America no longer serves the planet,’’ said Jan Techau, a senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund.

德国马歇尔基金会高级研究员扬·特肖表示,特朗普毫不掩饰的民族主义和“美国优先”的口号,他将新冠病毒先后归咎于中国以及欧洲的行为,加上他对事实的各种错误陈述,“这些都意味着美国不再为这个世界服务”

“America was always strong on self-interest but it has been very generous,” he said. “That generosity seems to be gone.”

“美国虽然一直重视自身利益,但也非常慷慨,”他说,“然而这种慷慨看来已经消失。”

The contrast is to China, which appears to have managed it effectively, using harsh quarantine measures others are studying.

与之形成对比的是中国。中国采取了严厉的隔离措施,看起来已经有效控制住了危机,其他国家正纷纷效仿。

China is also now sending aid — needed respiratory and surgical masks, ventilators and medical personnel — to Italy and Serbia, which have condemned their European allies for not providing early and efficient help.

同时,中国正向意大利和塞尔维亚提供支援,送去急需的呼吸面罩和外科口罩、呼吸机以及医疗队。此前,这两个国家谴责他们的欧洲盟国没有及早提供有效援助。

“There is a serious battle of narratives,’’ said Claudia Major, an analyst of international security. “And the Chinese have become good at what was once America’s tool, soft power.”

国际安全分析师克劳迪娅·梅杰说:“这场关于话语权的争夺战非同小可,软实力曾是美国擅长的工具,现在中国已运用自如。”

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