疫情后,熙熙攘攘的都市生活还会回来吗?

2021年1月15日
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在现代社会,都市生活方式是其重要特征。从咖啡店、图书馆,到博物馆、体育场,都是以大城市为根基,吸引人们来聚居。但新冠疫情冲击了这一切。在疫情过去之后,人们对这种密集生活方式的信心需要多久才能恢复?

疫情后,熙熙攘攘的都市生活还会回来吗?

Can City Life Survive Coronavirus?

新冠疫情下,城市生活能否幸免于难?

Traditionally, we seek solace in religion, sports, entertainment and in the promise that modern science and societies provide all the tools needed to solve any problem.

一直以来,为寻求安慰,我们往往诉诸宗教、体育、娱乐,寄希望于现代科学和社会来提供解决任何问题所需的一切工具。

The coronavirus undermines our most basic ideas about community and, in particular, urban life. The very notion of streets, shared housing and public spaces stemmed from and fostered a kind of collective affirmation, a sense that people are all in this together.

而新冠病毒动摇了我们关于社区,尤其是城市生活的最基本观念。街道、共享住房和公共空间这样的概念,既源自于一种集体确认感,又反过来强化了这种人人相依之感。

Pandemics prey on this relentlessly. They are anti-urban. They exploit our impulse to congregate. And our response so far — social distancing — not only runs up against our fundamental desires to interact, but also against the way we have built our cities and plazas, subways and skyscrapers. They are all designed to be occupied and animated collectively.

大流行病则是这一概念无情的天敌。它们是“反城市化的”,利用人们想要群聚的冲动进行传播。到目前为止,我们的应对措施——社会隔离——不仅与我们渴望互动的基本欲望相冲突,也与我们建造城市、广场、地铁和摩天大楼的方式相冲突。它们的设计初衷都是供群体使用,打造生机。

During the last century, millions of urban-dwelling Americans fled to the suburbs. But people have been moving back into cities even as technology has created myriad new ways of connecting remotely. We still need one other, not just virtually. Cities have become epicenters of new capital and creativity, because proximity breeds serendipity and strength, from which new ideas and opportunities arise.

上世纪,数百万居住在城市的美国人撤离到了郊区。而如今,虽然技术的发展创造了无数远程沟通的新方式,人们却在不断搬回城市。我们仍然需要彼此,而且不仅仅是在虚拟世界的联结。城市已经成为新资本和创造力的中心,因为人与人之间的邻近会孕育意外的发现和力量,并由此诞生新的想法和机会。

Today’s threat is altogether another sort of challenge to solidarity and our way of life. It requires isolation.

现今的威胁完全是对团结和我们生活方式的另一种挑战。它需要人们自我隔离。

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