图片[1]-英语的简单句-词性与成分-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

英语的简单句-词性与成分

  • 简单句与复合句简单句:只有一个谓语的句子。

Monkey is a teacher.

复合句:拥有多个谓语的句子。(即句中包含并列句或从句)

Monkey is a teacher and I am his student.Monkey is the teacher that I choose.(二)谓语的核心-动词与系动词(v.)谓语的核心必须是动词,但并非所有动词都是谓语!

  • 动词(谁做了什么事)

①及物动词vt.:后面可直接跟名词(宾语)I love music.He has a book.

②不及物动词vi.:后面不能直接跟名词(宾语)Birds can fly.I sleep here.I work at home.

③及物动词与不及物动词的判别问问题They are playing the piano.They are playing.

  • 系动词(谁怎么了)

①状态类:be, am, is, are, was, were

②持续类:keep, remain, stay, exist…

③像类:seem, appear, look…

④感官类:feel,look,smell,sound,taste,seem…

⑤变化类:become, grow, turn, get, prove…

系动词与普通动词的核心区别:

①系动词后可直接跟形容词She is beautiful.It tastes good.

②系动词无需使用被动语态The new policy proves unsuccessful.

③系动词后接的形容词或名词称为“表语”将系动词视作一类用法特殊的动词即可!拒绝“主系表”与“主谓宾”二分

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