全球停课中:疫情催生的远程教育实验

2021年1月15日
评论
313

疫情之下,各国校园关闭,全球预计有3亿学生被迫停课。同时,学生们开始以远程教育的方式上课,不过并非所有地方都做好了准备。目前,大规模的远程教育还有哪些障碍?这对学生和社会会造成哪些深远影响?

全球停课中:疫情催生的远程教育实验

‘When Can We Go to School?’ Nearly 300 Million Children Are Missing Class.

近三亿学生停课:“我们什么时候能上学?”

Only a few weeks ago, China, where the coronavirus outbreak began, was the only country to suspend classes. But the virus has spread so quickly that by Wednesday, 22 countries on three continents had announced school closures of varying degrees.

就在几周前,新冠疫情的始发地中国还是唯一停课的国家。但由于病毒传播过于迅速,截至周三,全球三大洲已有22个国家宣布实施不同程度的停课政策。

The speed and scale of the educational tumult — which now affects 290.5 million students worldwide, the United Nations says — has little parallel in modern history, educators and economists contend. The effect of closing them for days, weeks and sometimes even months could have untold repercussions for children and societies at large.

根据联合国的数据,全世界受影响学生达2.905亿之多。教育工作者和经济学家们认为,此次教育动荡的速度和规模在现代历史上可谓史无前例。各地学校有的关闭数日、数周,还有的甚至关闭数月,这些都可能对学生乃至整个社会产生难以估量的影响。

In some countries, older students have missed crucial study sessions for college admissions exams, while younger ones have risked falling behind in reading and math. Parents have lost wages, tried to work at home or scrambled to find child care. Some have moved children to new schools in areas unaffected by the coronavirus.

在一些国家,高年级学生错过了备战大学入学考试的重要学习环节,低年级学生则面临落下阅读和数学课业的风险;家长们有的收入下降,有的试图在家办公或是手忙脚乱地寻找儿童看护;还有一些家长把孩子转到了未受新冠疫情影响地区的新学校。

School and government officials have sought to keep children learning — and occupied — at home. The Italian government created a web page to give teachers access to videoconference tools and ready-made lesson plans. Iran’s government has made all children’s internet content free.

各地学校和政府官员们试图让孩子们在家里继续学习,并且有事可做。意大利政府创建了一个网页,可以让教师使用视频会议工具和现成的教案;在伊朗,所有的儿童互联网内容都由政府免费提供。

The offline reality, though, is challenging. Technological hurdles and unavoidable distractions pop up when children and teenagers are left to their own devices — literally.

然而,现实中的线下生态挑战重重。当儿童和青少年真的能不受管束地自行使用设备时,技术障碍和不可避免的分心状况就会出现。

生词好句
1.miss UK /mɪs/ US /mɪs/ vt. 失去,想念
2.suspend UK /səˈspend/ US /səˈspend/ vt. 暂停,推迟 Production has been suspended while safety checks are carried out.
执行安全检查时,要暂停生产。
3.continent UK /ˈkɒntɪnənt/ US /ˈkɑːntənənt/ n. 洲,大陆
4.school closures 学校关闭
5.of varying degrees 不同程度的 These buildings suffered damages of varying degrees.
这些建筑遭受了不同程度的损害。
6.tumult UK /ˈtʃuːmʌlt/ US /ˈtjuːmʌlt/ n. 混乱,动荡 近义表达:chaos/disorder
The whole city was in tumult.
整个城市陷入混乱之中。
7.parallel UK /ˈpærəlel/ US /ˈperəlel/ n. 可相比拟的事物;平行线 近义表达:equivalent
have little parallel 无可匹敌的,史无前例的
This tradition has no parallel in our culture.
这种传统在我们的文化中是无与伦比的。
8.contend UK /kənˈtend/ US /kənˈtend/ vt. 认为(believe)
9.untold UK /ʌnˈtəʊld/ US /ʌnˈtoʊld/ adj. (强调事情的糟糕程度)无法诉说的,难以形容的;难以计数的 untold misery 难以言说的痛苦
untold wealth 巨额的财富
The Rothschild family owns untold wealth.
罗斯柴尔德家族拥有数不清的巨额财富。
10.repercussion UK /ˌriːpəˈkʌʃn/ US /ˌriːpərˈkʌʃn/ n. 恶果 近义表达:consequence
The collapse of the company will have repercussions for the whole industry.
这家公司的倒闭会对整个行业带来不良的后果。
11.at large 整个地,普遍地(as a whole)
12.crucial UK /ˈkruːʃəl/ US /ˈkruːʃəl/ adj. 重要的 近义表达:key/critical
Winning this contract is crucial to the success of the company.
赢得这份合同对公司的成功是至关重要的。
13.college admissions exams 大学入学考试
14.risk doing… 冒着……的风险 He risked losing his job to argue with the boss.
他冒着失去工作的风险和老板理论。
15.fall behind in… 在……方面落后
16.scramble to do sth. 艰难、仓促地做某事,手忙脚乱地做某事 My brother scrambled to finish his homework.
我的弟弟仓促地完成了他的作业。
17.seek to 谋求,试图
18.occupy UK /ˈɒkjəpaɪ/ US /ˈɑːkjəpaɪ/ vt. 占据;使…忙于
19.give sb. access to 赋予某人对……的使用权,让某人获得…… These poor students don’t have the access to basic educational resources.
这些贫穷的孩子无法获得基本的教育资源。
20.videoconference UK /ˈvɪdiəʊˌkɒnfərəns/ US /ˈvɪdiəʊˌkɒnfərəns/ n. 视频会议
21.ready-made UK /ˌrediˈmeɪd/ US /ˌrediˈmeɪd/ adj. 现成的,已经做好的 We lack ready-made methods to solve the problem.
我们缺乏解决这个问题的现成的方法。
22.offline UK /ˌɒfˈlaɪn/ US /ˌɑːfˈlaɪn/ adj. 线下的 online adj. 线上的
offline store/business 线下门店/业务
23.hurdle UK /ˈhɜːdəl/ US /ˈhɜːrdəl/ n. 障碍 近义表达:obstacle
The biggest hurdle is your attitude.
最大的障碍是你的态度。
24.distraction UK /dɪˈstrækʃən/ US /dɪˈstrækʃən/ n. 分心的事物 distract v. 使分心
The loud music distracted me.
吵闹的音乐让我分心。
25.pop up 跳出,弹出(短信、弹窗等)
26.be left to 不受管束地(做、用)某事物(leave sb. to sth.) If he is left to his smartphone, he will play on it without a break.
如果他不受管束地使用手机的话,那么他会玩个不停。
27.literally UK /ˈlɪtərəli/ US /ˈlɪtərəli/ adv. 毫不夸张地,说真的;照字面地,逐字地 Literally, I don’t like the way she talks.
讲真,我不喜欢她说话的方式。

小e英语
匿名

发表评论

匿名网友 填写信息

:?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: