Main knowledge points of English grammar in 2022 junior high school

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1、 Primary English adjective possessive pronoun

1. There are 8 adjective possessive pronouns:

My your his her its our your their

Mine, yours, hers, ours, yours and theirs

2. Characteristics of adjective possessive pronouns:

1) Translation into Chinese has &\34; Of &\34; Eg:my their

2) Followed by a noun: eg:my backpack his name

3) A an the

This is a my eraser (error)

That is your a pen

It&\39; S his the pen (error)

3. I (possessive pronoun) my you (possessive pronoun) your he (possessive pronoun) her we (possessive pronoun) our

Note: when changing the subject pronoun, add the words given in the original title, and then translate them into words.

2、 Nominal possessive pronouns in primary school English

1. There are 8 nominal and adjective possessive pronouns:

Mine yours his hers its ours yours

Mine, yours, hers, ours, yours and theirs

2. Characteristics of nominal possessive pronouns:

1) Translation into Chinese has &\34; Of &\34;

2) No noun after

3) Nominal possessive pronoun = adjective possessive pronoun + noun

Eg:1. The pen is mine (mine=my pen)

3、 Primary English singular sentences become plural sentences

It is very simple to change a singular sentence into a plural sentence: a change is to change a word that can be changed into a plural into a plural, but a or an should be removed. Special interrogatives, adjectives, countries and places usually remain the same.

Eg: make the following sentences plural

1. I have a car ----- we have cars

2. He is an American boy---- They are American boys

3. It is a car ----- they are cars

4. This is an eraser ----- these are erasers

5. That is a backpsck ------ these are backpacks

6. I&\39; M an English teather ------ we are English teathers

7. It&\39; S a new shirt---- they are new shirts

8. He&\39; S a boy ----- they are boys

9. She&\39; S a singer ------ they are singer

10. What&\39; Sthis in English---- What are these in English?

4、 Numerical grammar of nouns in primary school English

Nouns have singular and plural forms

1. Singular of a noun: a person or thing

2. Plural noun: a person or thing that represents more than one person

The changing rules of plural nouns are as follows:

1. In most cases, s is added after the noun, and S is pronounced after the clear consonant [S]

2. For words ending in s, x, SH, CH, add es to the end of the word, ES is read as [iz]

3. Words ending in F, Fe remove f or Fe and add ves, ves is read as [VZ]

4. A word that ends with a consonant plus y, changing y to ies

5. Words that end with a vowel plus y, plus s

6. Irregular variation

Man menwoman women policeman policemen

Policewoman policewomen in this case, a becomes e

1. Singular and plural isomorphism

Chinese Japanese Japanese sheet -sheet deer -deer

2. This this these (plural) that those (plural) I we (plural) he he she it they, they (plural) am, is are (plural)

5、 Nominative and accusative cases of personal pronouns in primary school English

Personal pronouns are divided into nominative and accusative cases. The difference between nominative and accusative cases is that nominative and accusative cases have the same meaning in Chinese, but their positions are different.

Eg:i (main cell) &\34; I &\34-- Me (accusative) &\34; I &\34;

The nominative case is usually placed at the beginning of a sentence in a declarative sentence, and the accusative case is usually placed after the verb or preposition, that is, the accusative case is not placed at the beginning of a sentence.

Eg: I have a new car (I main cell)

Excuse me (me accusative)

I ask him to go (him accusative)

They sit in front of me (me accusative)

Nominative (8): I you he he she it we you they (she, it)

Binge (8): me, I, you, him, her, it, US, you, them, they

6、 Primary English noun possessive grammar

1. Reform: add &\39 after the person's name; S remember: &\39; S should be translated into &\34; Of &\34; Eg:lucy (noun possessive) lucy&\39; S

2. If the possessive case of a noun with two or more persons, add &\39 to the last person's name; S

Eg:lily and Lucy (noun possessive case) Lily and lucy&\39; S

Lily Lucy and Julia (possessive case of noun) Lily Lucy and julia&\39; S

3. The plural possessive case of a noun ending in S is followed by &\39;, Eg:students&\39;

7、 Elementary school English questions on the underlined part

Variations on the underlined part:

1. Find the special question words according to the underlined part.

2. Then turn the underlined part into the word order of general questions.

3. Special interrogative words usually include: what/ where/ who /whosc/ how/how old/ what colour/ whatclass /what grade/what row/what school

8、 General questions in primary school English

1. The most basic variation of general interrogative sentence: be reads rising tone with question mark in advance

2. My becomes your our becomes your I am / we are become are you I can become can you

3. Note that the person name should be capitalized Tom is a student wherever it is placed. Is Tom a student?

4. General questions are translated into Chinese &\34; Yes &\34;?

1) This is my English tea Is this your English tea?

2) It is our school Is it your school?

3) We are students Are you students?

4) I can sing Can you sing?

9、 The usage of verbs in primary school English

1. So far, the verb be we have learned includes three words am, is and are, which have the same meaning in Chinese, they are all &\34; Yes &\34; But how to use it

OK, what about these three words? Remember the following verbal decisions:

2. I am (eg:i am a pupil.)

You are (eg:you are a girl.)

Eg:he is a Chinese boy, she is an English teacher, it is a cat

3. Remember: the plural of am, is is is; These; Those (both words mean plural)

10、 A modified grammar of English abbreviations

1. Variation of the abbreviated form: change the penultimate letter, usually the vowel, into &\39; Except for are, which should mark a as &\39. Eg:he is=he&\39; S they are=they&\39; Re

2. Abbreviated form and complete form have the same meaning in Chinese.

3. When changing the complete form to the abbreviated form, be sure to pay attention to the size change of the first letter. Eg:what is =what&\39; S

4. Remember a particular change; Let&\39; S =let us (don't change &\39; into I) 5. Remember: thisis has no abbreviated form this&\39; S (error)

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