Western sanctions against Russia have affected more than 30000 Chinese students studying abroad

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Source: Global Times

[Global Times reporter jishuangcheng, liuyupeng and Yu Feng] the war between Russia and Ukraine continues, and Western sanctions against Russia are in full swing. This has also caused varying degrees of impact on the number of Chinese students studying in Russia, with more than 30000 students. The various inconveniences caused by economic sanctions and the recent plans to continue studying in Britain, the United States and other countries are all affected by the situation in Russia and Ukraine. However, there are also views that it is not a consideration for Chinese students to choose to stay in Russia to study and live.

Some difficulties need to be overcome to be a "springboard"

For Chinese students living in Russia, the impact of the situation in Russia and Ukraine includes both academic and life details. Earlier, some students studying in Russia disclosed that large gas stations in Moscow have stopped using apple payment and can only use physical bank cards. Although it was a minor change, it really affected the way of life in Russia.

The US consumer news and business channel (CNBC) reported that many Russian people stood in long lines in front of ATMs, hoping to withdraw cash in advance to prevent being unable to exchange foreign currency to buy goods and other necessities. In order to avoid a public run, the Russian central bank raised the deposit rate from 9.5% to 20%. This is a mixed bag for international students who deposit cash in local banks: if it is settled in rubles, the short-term yield is higher; For some students who take studying in Russia as a springboard to continue their studies in European and American countries, if they make preparations now, they will not be able to exchange dollars for cash in Russian banks.

Students who want to study in European and American universities face another obstacle. The Russian "business man" newspaper said that "due to the deterioration of the diplomatic situation", the IELTS test sponsor British culture and Education Association and the English Evaluation Department of Cambridge University decided to suspend the test in Russia, and the test fees already paid by candidates will be converted into training fees for relevant courses. If the candidate refuses the training, the fee will be frozen until the test is resumed. IELTS officials said that it was not clear when the test could be resumed, but the organizers would "make every effort". In this regard, Maria yefstratova, head of the teacher training center of skyeng online English language school, the largest online school in Russia, said that students in Russia can choose English tests recognized by other universities or take IELTS tests in other countries.

At the same time, QS, as one of the world's four authoritative university ranking institutions, issued a statement saying that in the new year's QS World University ranking process, all universities in Russia and Belarus will be deleted from the list, and publicity for Russian universities will be stopped. Coursera education platform of the United States and Pearson Education Group of the United Kingdom also announced that the access rights of Russian users to courses were restricted.

The largest source of non CIS students

According to the pie news, a British global education news website, there were about 315000 overseas students in Russia from 2019 to 2020, accounting for 8% of the total number of students. The Information Office of the Russian Ministry of education and Science said in January this year that in the past three years, the number of students studying in Russia has increased by 26000, with the largest number coming from Kazakhstan (61000), followed by Uzbekistan (48700), China (32600), Turkmenistan (30600), Tajikistan (23100), India (16700), Egypt (12400) and Belarus (10200). In 2020, another 15800 Indian students will study in Russia. The Russian government predicts that by 2024, the number of international students in Russian universities will reach 425000.

It is not difficult to see from the data that China is now the largest source of overseas students in Russia outside the former Soviet republics. According to the data provided by the Russian Ministry of education and science, the total amount of bilateral academic flows has reached about 100000 in 2020. Learning Russian and the agreement on mutual recognition of higher education between governments are the main reasons for Chinese students to go to Russia. There are 98 universities in Russia with official Chinese websites, involving more than 150 Russian Universities and nearly 600 Chinese universities in educational cooperation with China. For example, the Russian people's Friendship University, the Russian Herzen State Normal University, the Russian Far East Federal University and many other universities have common syllabus with Chinese universities. In recent years, the two countries have also established the China Russia Medical University Alliance, the China Russia Engineering University Alliance, the University Alliance in the Far East, Siberia and Northeast China, the Economic University and Normal University Alliance, the BRICs countries, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and other online university projects.

Among many Russian universities, Lomonosov State University in Moscow ranks first in the number of Chinese students. The second is St. Petersburg Peter the great university of technology, where nearly one third of the more than 6000 foreign students come from China. The third is the St. Petersburg State University. The Russian state Herzen Normal University and the Russian people's Friendship University also ranked among the top five. The majors that Chinese students choose most are humanities and Social Sciences, Russian (including linguistics and literature, Russian Majors and Russian courses), economics and management, engineering and technology, including construction, machine manufacturing, electric power and thermal engineering. In addition to the above majors, Chinese students studying for master's and doctor's degrees also prefer education and art.

Roads can also be selected

Russian education experts believe that the continuous increase in the number of Chinese students studying in Russia is related to the current initiative of China to jointly build the "the Belt and Road", and Russia is regarded as an important political and economic partner of China. Demidriarsheniev, vice president of international affairs of Peter the great university of technology in St. Petersburg, said: "today's Chinese students will become our partners in business, science and politics in the future. Therefore, we strive to ensure that more Chinese young people come here to study, so that they can receive high-quality education and become our friends."

Although the current international situation inevitably affects the plans of Chinese students studying abroad, many students and education experts believe that there is no need to worry about the complete obstruction of the road in the future, whether it is to return home, stay in the local area or go to other countries for further study. Chen, a Chinese student studying in the school of industrial management, economics and trade of Peter the great university of technology in St. Petersburg, said that he planned to work in Russia for several years after graduation and return home. Tian, who is studying in the school of computer science and technology, still hopes to continue his master's degree in Russia, China or the United States. Tang, a doctoral student, said earlier that he hoped to continue his studies in the United States, but would like to return to China to become a university teacher in the future.

Svetlankliwashin, an associate professor of St. Petersburg University of higher economic research, said that after graduation, a small number of Chinese students in Russia will stay in Russia to work, but most graduates choose to return home. Vera skorobogatova, general analyst of the Russian education and science Supervision Bureau, believes that although the United States is the largest destination for Chinese students, the tuition fees in Russia are much lower, and the teaching quality can be comparable. The traditional strengths of Russia, such as humanities and physics and mathematics, are very attractive to Chinese students. Skorobogatova also mentioned that another factor that attracts Chinese students to study in Russia is that they can work without permission. In the past, if Chinese students wanted to work in Russia, they needed permission or could only work in schools and enterprises. Now, they do not need additional permission and quota.

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