143 Noun phrases名词短语(英语)

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143 noun phrases 1 a noun phrase can be a word

While is expensive (uncountable noun)

Planes take off from here (plural noun)

They landed at berlin (name)

She alerted the pilot (pronoun)

It can also be composed of multiple words

Someone was steaming the whisky

A lot of planes take off from here Security guards set a trap

A noun phrase can include a determiner, a numeral, a modifier, and a noun a determiner (usually before a noun)

A bomb the result this idea my bag

Determiners are articles (a, the), demonstrative pronouns (this, that, these, those) and possessive cases (my, your)

B numeral (usually before noun)

A lot of money two people every photo have the passengers

A lot of, many, much, a few, every, each, all, most, both, half, some, any, no, etc

C modifier (a noun can be modified by an adjective or another noun)

Adjectives: small bots/ the exact time

Noun: glass bottles /an emergency landing

A prepositional phrase or adverb phrase can also modify a noun

The summer of 1978 the people inside

Here are more details about the structure of noun phrases A a numeral can consist of more than one word

A lot of money

Two hundred and fifth passengers

Sometimes one numeral and one qualifier can be used at the same time

All that whisky both the doors

All, both and half can be used in this way

You can also use 1 qualifier after 1 numeral + of

Each of the doors /a lot of my time /one of these magazines

Sometimes a numeral can appear after a determiner, such as many, how or the, these, those followed by a numeral or a possessive case

The many rooms of the house / those few people left /the three brothers

Note that a lot of or a few are not applicable to this situation

The a lot of rooms of the house

D 1 possessive form (e.g. susan&\39; s, the man&\39; s) as a determiner

A lot of susan&\39; S friends (comparison: a lot of her friends) the man&\39; S seat /all the passengers&\39; Meals

E can be modified by multiple adjectives or nouns

A lovely hot meal China soup dishes

The modifier f can be a gerund or participle

Gerund: some cooking oil a flying lesson

A ticking clock some stolen bottles of whisky

A clause can be used as a modifier after the noun G

A plan to catch a thought /a clock hidden inside the drinks cabinet /the stewardship who was serving drinks

H next, last and first, second, third are after a determiner, not before

Your next job/ most of the second week/ this third anniversary

But they often precede the words one, two, three, etc

My next two jobs /the first six weeks

take care

A compare the following examples

The first three prizes were £ 50, £ 25 and £ 10--- First three

There were three first privileges, one for each age group--- Three firsts

B other two jobs and two more jobs

I 1 adverb in front of 1 numeral or adjective

Almost all the time/ quite a lot of money /very many bottles

Adverb + adjective: a very expensive trap /some really nice soup fishes

A noun phrase has a subject, object, complement or adverbial, and can also be the object of a preposition

Subject: security guards set a trap

Object: the stewardsess alerted the pilot

Complement: the cost of a bottle was 17 pence

Adverbial: that day something unusual happened

The passengers left in a hurry through fire exits

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