火遍全网的MBTI测试不是伪科学,但认真你就输了

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"Are you ENTJ or ENTP?"

Nowadays, in the social circle of young people, if you want to make friends and "break the ice", you need to first "code". These mysterious codes composed of four English letters have become the social labels of many young people. It is the MBTI test that is currently popular on social networks.

Search an MBTI test software on the Internet, and the number of test users exceeds ten million. On Weibo, the reading volume of MBTI related topics reached 800million. Many groups named after MBTI personality types have emerged on major online social platforms, and the expression packs and various "stem charts" made based on MBTI have been well played by young people. When making friends and dating, young people will also add MBTI code to their self introduction.

While the MBTI test has become popular, it has also attracted a lot of controversy. Many people call it "superstition" and "pseudoscience". So is this test reliable or not?

4 letters "unlock" 16 personality types

The full English name of MBTI test is "Myers Briggs Type Indicator", which was compiled by American writer Myers and her mother Briggs in the 1940s. It is a self-report personality assessment tool to describe people's psychological activity rules and personality type performance in obtaining information, making decisions and treating life.

"The theoretical basis of psychology involved in the MBTI test is derived from the works of Jung, the famous founder of analytical psychology." Chenzhiyan, a professor of the Institute of psychology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, introduced in an interview with the science and Technology Daily that Jung published a book called psychological types in the 1920s and 1930s. In this book, he divided personality types for the first time. For example, the well-known concepts of introversion and extroversion came from this book.

While Jung put forward the concepts of introversion and extroversion, he also put forward the four functions of personality (thinking, emotion, intuition and feeling). He believes that everyone may have these four functions, but the degree of these four functions is different in everyone. Therefore, according to the superior function of each person, plus the introverted and extroverted variables, he divided people into eight types, namely, extraverted thinking type, introverted thinking type, extraverted emotion type, introverted emotion type, extraverted intuition type, Introverted iNtuition type, extraverted sensation type and introverted sensation type.

MBTI test is an evaluation tool developed based on Jung's psychological typology theory. It measures individual behavior differences in four dimensions, including spiritual energy orientation, information acquisition methods, decision-making methods and life attitude orientation.

Each dimension includes two directions, representing different preference tendencies, namely e (extroversion) and I (introversion), n (intuition) and S (sensing), f (feeling) and t (thinking), P (perceiving) and J (judging).

The different preferences of the four dimensions are arranged and combined to form 16 personality types, and the four letters are combined to form a class of personality characteristics. For example, ENTP represents a curious debater, and INTP is an idealist who stands aloof from the world

There are disputes about the scientificity of MBTI in academic circles

"In fact, based on Jung's personality theory, there are many measurement tools developed, among which MBTI is the most famous." Chenzhiyan said that the Kelsi temperament type test is also well-known. The reason why MBTI can "get out of the circle" is that it has been successful in commercial promotion, so it is now more influential internationally.

Different from other personality tests, MBTI is easy to operate and the test results are more intuitive. What you see is what you get without further interpretation and thinking.

At the same time, MBTI skillfully combines the test results with romantic writing. For example, infp personality with shyness, sensitivity, perfectionism, inferiority complex and other personality characteristics is described as "healer", "visionary" or "philosopher". Such statements are easier to accept. Therefore, MBTI test has achieved a wider dissemination effect.

"MBTI, based on Jung's personality theory, is a widely used tool in personality testing, but researchers in personality psychology have always disputed MBTI." For example, chenzhiyan said, for example, whether personality can be divided into 16 types. Some scholars believe that such a classification method is very simple and rough.

In addition, the scientific degree of a test is influenced by many other factors. "For example, the Chinese version of the MBTI test is widely used in China. A psychological test was introduced from abroad, and a variety of research work is needed to ensure its accuracy and application value. However, users may not know whether the MBTI test used by a person is a Chinese version that has been verified by research." Chenzhiyan said.

Although the scientificity of the test was questioned, many people could not help sighing that "every item was successful" when forwarding their MBTI type descriptions. They thought the test results were very accurate.

"Such feedback is caused by many reasons. One of them is that only those who feel that the test results are accurate will share it, and those who feel that they are inaccurate will not share it." Chenzhiyan said, "in addition, a person thinks that whether the test is accurate or not is more the result of subjective judgment, that is, a psychological feedback. Maybe only some part of the test results hit the tester's heart, he will feel that the test results are accurate."

The test results are for reference only and should not be blindly believed

Since its inception, MBTI test has often been used for employee recruitment and dating. Is it reliable to do so?

"In fact, not only the MBTI test, many personality assessment tools are used in recruitment or other fields." Chenzhiyan said.

"If MBTI test results are obtained under the guidance of professionals, the employer can use them as a reference." Chenzhiyan pointed out that from the perspective of professional psychology, any single test result can not be used as the only criterion for employment. To investigate whether a person is competent for a job, it is necessary to combine the test data with the past data for analysis. Only in this way can a relatively reliable result be obtained and the final judgment be made.

Chenzhiyan believes that dating and mate selection is a more complicated problem than recruitment. "Most of the problems involved in recruitment are at the level of people's consciousness, and many problems at the level of unconsciousness are involved in dating and mate selection, which is difficult to be tested." She said.

"I also found that in some online MBTI tests, in order to enable the subjects to obtain the evaluation results in a short time, the number of evaluation questions will be greatly reduced, which may increase the error of the evaluation results." Chenzhiyan warned that the test results will be more inaccurate after the error increases. At this time, the risk will be greater if you follow the chart to find another half or recruit employees.

"Therefore, whether the MBTI test is used for dating, mate selection or employee recruitment, we need to make it clear that any test has limitations." Chenzhiyan said, "the MBTI test can help us better understand people's personality characteristics, but we can't infer a person's psychological characteristics only from a single test result. To truly investigate a person, we must use a variety of methods and from multiple angles, and then use the psychological test results for auxiliary analysis, so that we can get a more reliable and objective result." (Chen Xi)

Source: Science and Technology Daily

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