炭疽热, 恐怖分子又一种武器? Anthrax, Another Terrorist Weapon?

2021年1月17日
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炭疽热, 恐怖分子又一种武器? Anthrax, Another Terrorist Weapon?

When one newspaper photo editor in Florida died of anthrax and another tested positive, people wondered if this was connected to the attacks of September 11. More cases are appearing around the U.S., but the FBI has yet to determine if these are terrorist attacks. However, recent events have brought one question to the minds of many — what is anthrax?

当佛罗里达州一家报纸的图片编辑死于炭疽热,另一病例也检验出阳性反应时,人们开始怀疑这些病例是否与“9·11”攻击事件有关。有更多的病例在美国各地出现,但联邦调查局还不能确定是否为恐怖分子的攻击。无论如何,最近的事件已带给很多人一个疑问──炭疽热到底是什么?

Anthrax is a disease that normally infects livestock killing almost every animal that contracts the disease. Humans that come into contact with these animals or their hides on a regular basis, such as ranchers, are at the greatest risk of getting this disease. This might be why anthrax is also known as the wool sorter's disease.

炭疽热是一种通常在牲畜身上所发生的疾病,感染此症的动物几乎都会死亡。经常与这些动物或它们的皮毛接触的人类,如牧场主,是感染的高危人群。炭疽热又称“毛工病”,原因可能就在此。

Anthrax usually enters the body through the skin or by breathing. It cannot be spread from person to person, so it is not contagious. Anthrax is invisible to the naked eye and it has no smell or taste. The early symptoms of this disease are similar to those of the common cold. There is a vaccine for it that involves six shots. If it is caught in early stages, anthrax can be treated with antibiotics.

炭疽热通常经由皮肤或呼吸进入人体。它不会在人与人之间传染,所以不算传染病。炭疽热肉眼看不见,而且无臭无味。早期的症状与一般感冒相似。有疫苗,需施打六剂。如果早期发现,可用抗生素治疗。

Anthrax, unlike the common cold, is not something that people catch every day. But if someone wanted to intentionally spread the disease, that's another story.

炭疽热并非如感冒一样容易感染,但如果有人故意散播它,那就另当别论了。

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