过去将来一般时的基本用法
过去将来一般时表示在过去将来的某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态。过去将来一般时常用
在间接引语中,主句谓语动词为过去时态。如:
(1)You know I would come. 你知道我会来的。 (2)We never imagined that John would become a doctor. 我们从未想过约翰会成为一名医
生。
(3)I thought you would take the chance. 我还以为你会去试一试呢?
过去将来一般时有时可带时间状语。如:
(4)Late at night on November 28,1938, Dr. Bethune got word that a battle would soon begin.
1938年11月28日深夜,白求恩大夫接到通知说,一场战斗不久将打响。(带时间状语soon)
(5)He said he would come back the next day. 他说他第二天回来。(带时间状语 the next day) 如 the next day 确是说话时刻的第二天,也可改用 tomorrow。如: (6)He said he would come back tomorrow. 他说他明天回来。图片[1]-过去将来一般时的基本用法有哪些?-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文

附:

一般过去将来时表示从过去的某一时间来看将来要发生的动作或呈现的状态。在英语时态中,”时”指动作发生的时间,”态”指动作的样子和状态。 一般过去将来时的出发点是过去,即从过去某一时刻看以后要发生的动作或状态。

定义
表示从过去的某一时间来看将来要发生的动作或呈现的状态。即“立足过去,着眼未来”。常用于宾语从句中。判断该时态的依据:过去的动作,而不是时间。

肯定句
(1)主语+be(was或were)going to+动词原形(v.原)+其它

(2)主语+would+动词原形+其它

I knew you would agree this significant plan.

我知道你会同意这个重要的计划的。

She said she was going to start at once.

她说她将立即出发。

Last Sunday we were going to visit the Great Wall, but it rained.

上星期天我们本想去游览长城的,但却下雨了。

否定句
(1)主语+be not(wasn’t或weren’t)going to+动词原形+其他

(2)主语+would not+动词原形 +其它

I knew John wouldn’t finish the work by 5:00 PM.

我知道约翰在5点前结束不了工作。

They were not going to go hiking unless they finished their homework.

除非他们完成作业,否则他们不会去远足。

一般疑问句
(1)Be(Was或Were)+主语+going to+动词原形+其它

(2)Would+主语+动词原形+其它

Would you go shopping with him if the novel coronavirus ended?

如果新型冠状病毒疫情结束,你会和他去购物吗?

Did he say he was going to buy this Michelin restaurant?

他说过他要买下这个米其林餐馆吗?

特殊疑问句
特殊疑问词+一般疑问句+?

I didn’t know how to deal with it.What would they do?

我不知道怎么解决这个问题,他们会怎么做?

被动语态
(1)would + be + 动词的过去分词

(2)was / were +going to be + 动词的过去分词.

折叠编辑本段用法及特殊用法
基本用法
1.”would+动词原形”构成过去将来时,常表示根据计划或安排即将发生的事。

例 He said he would come to see me. 他说他要来看我。

He told me he would go to Beijing. 他告诉我他将去北京。

2.”was /were+going to+动词原形”也可表示根据计划或安排即将发生的事。

例 I was told that he was going to return home. 他告诉我他准备要回家。

注:”was /were+going to+动词原形”还可表示根据当时情况判断有可能但不一定会发生某事。

例 It seemed as if it was going to rain. 看来好像要下雨。

3.过去将来时常可用来表示过去习惯性的动作,此时,不管什么人称,一律用would。过去将来时有时可带时间状语

4.”was/were going to + 动原”或”was/were +动词不定式完成式”可表示未能实现的过去将来时间的动作。

It was reported that another bridge was to be built across the Yangtse River.

据报道长江上将要再建一座大桥。

5.”was/were about to do”表示说话的瞬间就会发生的动作。

例 He was about to go to bed when the doorbell rang. 我正要去睡觉的时候门铃响了。

特殊用法
1.某些动词的过去进行时可表示过去将来时

come,go,leave,arrive,start等严格按照时间表发生的表起止的动词可用过去进行时代替过去将来时。

例 He said the employee of the advertising company would starting dyeing tomorrow.

他说那家广告公司的员工明天会开始染色。

Nobody knew whether the guests were coming.

没人知道客人们是否要来。

2.特定场合的一般过去时可表示过去将来时

条件状语从句和时间状语从句中须用一般过去时代替过去将来时。

例 I didn’t know when she would come, but when she came I would let you know.

我不知道她什么时候来,但她来了我会告诉你。

(第一个when引导宾语从句,可使用将来时,第二个when引导时间状语从句,只能用一般过去时代替过去将来时)

3.”be about to do” 和 “be on the point of doing”结构一般不与表示将来的时间状语连用,但后面可以接when引导的分句。

例 I’m glad you have come. I was on the point of calling you, but you’ve saved me the trouble now.

很高兴你来了。我正准备给你打电话,现在你省去我这个麻烦了。

I was about to start when it suddenly began to rain.

我正要动身天突然下雨了。

© 版权声明