图片[1]-现在分词和过去分词的区别有哪些?-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文现在分词和过去分词的区别如下:
它们的主要区别表现在语态和时态上。
1 从语态上来区别
1.在语态上现在分词无论是及物动词或不及物动词,一般都
表示主动的意思。
Do you know the woman talking to Tom? 你认识那位正在和汤姆说话的那位妇女吗?
Entering the city,they saw a lot of soldiers marching.
marching. 进入城市后,他们看见许多士兵们在行进。
2.及物动词的过去分词一般表示被动。
The soldier wounded in the war has become a doctor. =The soldier who was wounded in the war has become a doctor. 在战争中受伤的那位士兵现在已经成为一名医生了。
Seen from the top of the hill,the city is more beautiful.
=If it is seen from the top of the hill,the city is
morebeautiful. 如果从山顶上看这座城市更加美丽。
例外
I can not find the missing (lost) watch.
=I can not find the watch which is missed. =I can’t find the watch that is lost. 我找不到丢失了的手表。
注意
请注意 missing 的用法。be missing=be lost
2 从时态上来区别
及物动词:
现在分词:表正在进行的动作。
过去分词:表示已经完成的动作。
ì í î
不及物动词:
现在分词:表进行的意思。
过去分词:表示完成的意思,而非表被动
ì í î
=China is a country that is developing and America is a
country that has developed.
中国是一个发展中国家,而美国是一个发达国家。
leaves make the road yellow.
必背!
developed countries 发达国家
underdeveloped countries 不发达国家 developing countries 发展中国家
=Look.The leaves that are falling are all yellow.Lots ofthe leaves that have fallen make the road yellow. 看,这些落叶(正在下落)使得马路变黄了。
=At the party I met my schoolmate who has just returnedfrom
Africa.
在聚会上我遇见了刚刚从非洲回来的我的一位校友。
注意
不及物动词的现在分词和过去分词有进行、完成之分。
boiling water 正在沸腾的开水 boiled water 煮开过的水(可能是烫的或冷的) a drowning man 快淹死的人 a drowned man 已淹死的人 falling leaves 正在飘落的树叶 fallen leaves 已落在地上的树叶

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