图片[1]-非限定动词是什么?-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文非限定动词的含义和种类
非限定动词(non-finite verb)是动词的非谓语形式。非限定动词和限定动词不同。限定动词 (finite verb)在句中用作谓语,受主语的人称和数的限制。如:
(1)I put my book down and look out of the window. 我放下书,望着窗外。 (2)Hunger and disease are would problems. 饥饿和疾病是世界性问题。
非限定动词在句中不可单独用作谓语,不受主语的人称和数的限制;它在句中可以用作其它
句子成分。非限定动词有三种,即不定式、动名词和分词。如:
(3)Scientists hope to find a cure for cancer. 科学家们希望找到一种治疗癌症的方法。(不定 式 to find 用作宾语)
(4)Backpacking is popular among college students. 背行李包旅行在大学生中很流行。(动名 词 backpacking 用作主语)
(5)People walking in poorly lighted areas at night should be extremely careful. 夜间在光线差
的地方走路的人应当特别小心。(现在分词walking用作定语)
(6)Badly torn garments should be mended by an experienced seamstress. 破得厉害的衣服应
当找有经验的女缝工缝补。(过去分词 torn 和 experienced 用作定语) 非限定动词由于不能用作谓语,因而没有语法上的主语,但它往往有逻辑上的主语。如:
(7)How can I get to know her? 我怎么能认识他呢?(不定式 to know 的逻辑主语是 I) (8)I can’t bear him staying up so late. 我不能忍受他这么晚睡。(动名词 staying 的逻辑主 语是 him)
(9)Who is that speaking? 您是哪一位?(现在分词 speaking 的逻辑主语是 that) (10)They plan further talks with interested parties in this question. 他们就此问题打算与有关
各方进一步谈判。(过去分词 interested 的逻辑主语是 parties) 非限定动词短语往往可以转化成各种从句。如:
(11)The foreign guests hope to join the National Day celebration of Beijing. → The foreign guests hope that they can join the National Day celebration of Beijing. 外宾希望参加北京的国
庆庆祝会。(不定式短语转化成宾语从句)
(12)The man standing there is our English teacher. → The man who is standing there is our
English teacher. 站在那儿的那个人是我们的英语教师。(现在分词短语转化成定语从句)
(13)I regret being unable to help. → I regret that I cannot help. 我感到抱歉,不能帮助你。
(动名词短语转化成宾语从句)

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