图片[1]-动名词的被动式是什么梗?-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文动名词的被动式
动名词的被动式也有一般式与完成式两种。
1)动名词一般式用于被动式。如:
(1)He narrowly escaped being run over. 他差点被车压着。 (2)I have not the least objection to his being shot. 我对枪毙他毫无异议。
2)动名词完成式用于被动式。如:
(3)He prided himself on having never been beaten in chess. 他为奕棋上从未被击败而自豪。 (4)His arm was not in a sling, and showed no sign of having been damaged. 他的手臂并用吊
腕带吊起,也没有受过伤的迹象。
3)有些动名词在句中具有主动的形式,但含有被动的意义。如:
(5)The house needs repairing. 房子需要修缮。 (6)Such hardships are beyond bearing. 这样的苦是不堪忍受。 (7)If a thing is worth doing, it is worth doing well. 一件事如值得做,就应把它做好。 有时动名词的含义是模棱两可的,应由上下文而定。如在 The shooting of the hunters was
terrible. 这一句中,动名词 shooting 可能有主动意义,即“枪击”或“放枪”;也可能有被 动意义,即“被枪杀”。
10.21 动名词的否定式
动名词的否定式由 not或 never 加动名词构成。如:
(1)I fancy it has done you a lot of good not going. 我看不去对你倒太好了。(not going 是动
名词一般式的否定式)
(2)He was nervous from having never before spoken in public. 他由于从未做过公开演讲而感 到紧张。(having never spoken 是动名词完成式的否定式)

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