图片[1]-“介词+动名词”结构与不定式的比较-小e英语课堂-英语翻译_ 英语语法基础知识大全_英语手抄报_英语作文“介词+动名词”结构与不定式的比较
有些动词、名词和形容词之后常接“介词+动名词”结构(大多数同源的动词、名词和形容
词后接同一个介词),有些动词、名词和形容词后接不定式。
1)关于其后常接不定式与动名词的动词,已在本章前节举过,这里不再重复。现只就常后
接“介词+动名词”结构的动词列举几例如下:
abstain from doing sth 避免做某事 amount to doing sth 等于做某事 apologize for doing sth 为做某事而表歉意 succeed in doing sth 做成功某事 believe in doing sth 信仰做某事 dream of doing sth 梦想做某事 object to doing sth 反对做某事 insist on doing sth 坚持做某事 take to doing sth 开始做某事 think of doing sth 想做某事 worry about doing sth 担心做某事
有些动词后接“名词+介词+动名词”结构。如:
aid somebody in doing sth 帮助某人做某事 accuse somebody of doing sth 控诉某人做某事 congratulate somebody on doing sth 恭贺某人做某事 devote…to doing sth 把…奉献给做某事 doom somebody to doing sth 注定某人做某事 excuse somebody for doing sth 原谅某人做某事 pay attention to doing sth 注意做某事 prevent somebody from doing sth 阻止某人做某事(from 可省去)
有些动词之后既可接“介词+动名词”,亦可接不定式,二者意义上有时相同,有时则有所不
同。如:
agree on doing sth 协议做某事 agree to do sth 同意做某事 aim at doing sth 旨在做某事
aim to do sth 旨在做某事(美国英语多用此说法)
aspire to doing sth 渴望去做某事 aspire to do sth 渴望去做某事 contribute to doing sth 助成某事 contribute to do sth 助成某事 forget about doing sth 忘记已做某事 forget to do sth 忘记去做某事 think about doing sth 考虑做某事 think to do sth 想要或记得做某事
有些动词之后既可接“名词+介词+动名词”,亦可接“名词+不定式”。如:
assist somebody in doing sth 帮助某人做某事 assist somebody to do sth 帮助某人做某事 I finally got him to do it. 我终于请他做了此事。(不定式 to do 表已完成的动作) I soon got the machine to running. 我很快就开动了机器。(动名词 running 仍在进行) 2)有些名词之后常用不定式,如 ability,ambition,anxiety,curiosity,disposition,mind, obligation,permission,refusal,reluctance,temptation,tendency,wish,yearning 等。
有些名词之后则常可接“介词+动名词”结构。如:
advice on doing sth 关于做某事的忠告 aptitude for doing sth 做某事的资质 delay in doing sth 对做某事的延误 difficulty in doing sth 做某事中的困难(in 可省去) excuse for doing sth 对做某事的借口 experience in doing sth 做某事方面的经验 fancy for doing sth 对做某事的迷恋 interest in doing sth 对做某事的兴趣 genius for doing sth 对做某事的天赋 habit of doing sth 做某事的习惯 no harm in doing sth 做某事无害 idea of doing sth 做某事的念头 method of doing sth 做某事的方法 motive for doing sth 做某事的动机 object of doing sth 做某事的目的
passion for doing sth 对做某事的热情 plan for doing sth 做某事的计划 possibility of doing sth 做某事的可能性 surprise at doing sth 对做某事感到的惊讶 skill in doing sth 做某事的技能 apology for doing sth 为做某事的道歉 hope of doing sth 做某事的希望 success in doing sth 做某事的成功
[注]上述名词中有些还可后接其它介词,如 advice 还可后接 about,experience 还可后接 of 等。
有些名词之后既可接“介词+动名词”,亦可接不定式。如:
attempt(企图)at doing sth / to do sth chance(机会)of doing sth / to do sth aversion(厌恶)to doing sth / to do sth claim(要求)to doing sth / to do sth choice(选择)of doing sth / to do sth effort(努力)at doing sth / to do sth capacity(能力)of doing sth / to do sth desire(欲望)of doing sth / to do sth freedom(自由)in doing sth / to do sth honour(荣幸)of doing sth / to do sth intention(意愿)of doing sth / to do sth opportunity(机会)of doing sth / to do sth
objection(反对)to doing sth / to do sth patience(忍耐)in doing sth / to do sth necessity(必要)of doing sth / to do sth reason(理由)for doing sth / to do sth propensity(倾向)for doing sth / to do sth mood(心绪)for doing sth / to do sth time(时间)for doing sth / to do sth way(方法)of doing sth / to do sth failure(失败)in doing sth / (未)to do sth 3)有些形容词之后常接不定式,如 able,difficult,easy,free,eager,llikely,lucky,ready, sure 等。
有些形容词则常后接“介词+动名词”结构。如:
adept at(in) doing sth 熟练于做某事 averse to doing sth 厌恶做某事 aware of doing sth 意识到做某事 apprehensive of doing sth 对做某事担忧 apologetic for doing sth 为做某事道歉 busy in doing sth 忙于做某事(in 可省去) capable of doing sth 能够做某事 confident of doing sth 对做某事有信心 angry about doing sth 对做某事恼怒 equal to doing sth 等于做某事
equivalent to doing sth 相当于做某事 exact in doing sth 精确地做某事 fond of doing sth 喜爱做某事 guilty of doing sth 为做某事内疚 hopeful of doing sth 希望做某事 awkward at doing sth 笨拙于做某事 fearful of doing sth 害怕做某事 keen on doing sth 爱好做某事 intent on doing sth 坚决要做某事 tired of doing sth 厌倦做某事 sick of doing sth 厌倦做某事 responsible for doing sth 对做某事负责 suitable for doing sth 适合于做某事 unconscious of doing sth 未意识到做某事 right in doing sth 做某事做得对 wrong in doing sth 做某事做错了
有些形容词之后既可接“介词+动名词”,亦可接不定式。二者有时意义相同。如:
desirous(想望的)of doing sth / to do sth fortunate(幸运的)in doing sth / to do sth content(满足的)with doing sth / to do sth unworthy(不值的)of doing sth / to do sth proud(自豪的)of being / to be
但有时二者意义上却有所区别。如:
(1)She is good at playing the piano. 她擅长于弹钢琴。 (2)It is good to eat. 它很好吃。 (3)Our team is certain of winning. 我们球队相信会打赢。 (4)Our team looks certain to win. 我相信我们球队会打赢。 (5)He is afraid of dying. 他怕要死了。(怕病好不了) (5)He is afraid to die. 他怕死。(怕死后的结果)

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